Why Are Research Data Managed and Reused?

Why Are Research Data Managed and Reused?

Research data management entails that research data and related metadata are created, preserved and organised in a manner which ensures that data remain accessible and reliable. Reuse means using data that were originally collected by someone else for some other purpose.

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Data Management Planning

Data Management Planning

A data management plan describes how research data will be collected, how the data will be used and stored during the research project, and how its reuse will be enabled and long-term preservation ensured after the original research is completed.

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Copyright and Agreements

Copyright and Agreements

The Copyright Act safeguards an author's economic and moral rights to his or her work. When several researchers participate in a research project, the responsibilities and rights of the researchers should be agreed on. It is fundamental to distinguish between copyright and the ownership right to an original copy of a work. Clarification of roles and clear rules set out in advance create an operating environment based on mutual understanding.

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Informing Research Participants

Informing Research Participants

Informing research participants is a crucial part of successful life cycle of research data. In addition to participants and the research team, the content of the information supplied is also of significance to the organisation archiving the data, to the scientific community at large and to data reusers.

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File Formats and Software

File Formats and Software

This section is currently available in Finnish only.

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Processing Quantitative Data Files

Processing Quantitative Data Files

A quantitative dataset is typically a data matrix consisting of rows and columns where one row corresponds to one observation and one column corresponds to one variable. To analyse quantitative data, software for statistical analysis is needed, as well as at least basic knowledge of statistics and quantitative methods.

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Processing Qualitative Data Files

Processing Qualitative Data Files

Qualitative research data may consist of many different types of research material. These may include transcribed interviews, audio and video recordings, ethnographic diaries and various types of written texts

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Anonymisation and Personal Data

Anonymisation and Personal Data

Data containing identifiers can be used for scientific research if the use is appropriate, planned and justified. When researchers plan how to anonymise data, that is, how to delete or mask identifiers, the level of anonymity need not be as high as the level required for research publications.

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Data description and metadata

Data description and metadata

This section is currently available in Finnish only.

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Physical Data Storage

Physical Data Storage

During a research project, the project members are usually responsible for the usability and storage of the data. Archiving typically occurs after the project has ended, and the responsibility for storing the data is assumed by a research organisation, a university, or a unit specialising in the archiving of data, such as the FSD. It is also possible to deposit the data in the FSD already during the project.

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