FSD1023 Parties and Local Democracy 1996: Electorsshortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Borg, Sami (University of Tampere)
The survey compared Finnish voters with the members of seven largest political parties, candidates of the 1996 municipal elections and municipal council members. The respondents were asked which party they would vote for in the next parliamentary elections and which party they had voted for in the municipal elections. If the respondents had voted in the municipal elections, reasons for candidate and party choice were surveyed. Non-voters were asked why they had not voted. The role of the media in municipal elections was charted. There were questions about the members' activity in the parties and their interest in elective offices. The respondents were presented with statements concerning municipal policy and politics in general. They were asked to assess to what extent the work of councillors is appreciated, whether they saw themselves as representatives of their background groups in their parties, and how important it was that the municipal council was representative of the municipal electorate. The present state and development needs of a number of municipal services and tasks were evaluated. The party members were questioned about how municipal democracy, service production and efficiency of decision-making could be improved. Finally, the respondents were asked who had real influence in their home municipality, how active party members they thought themselves to be, and how active their own local association was.
Background variables included the respondent's sex, age, occupational group, vocational education, type of employer, household income, type of residence, and municipality of residence.
elections; internal politics; local government; parliamentary elections; political action; political allegiance; political attitudes; political behaviour; political participation; political parties; political power; services; voting
local government studies; political studies (FSD Topics Classification)
elections; government, political systems and organisations; mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion (CESSDA Topics Classification)
The variable identifying municipality has been removed from the data set.
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes; FSD's access application procedure.
Gallup Finland (Gallup Finland)
21.10.1996 - 30.11.1996
Population of Finland aged 18 or over at the time of the interview (excluding the Åland Islands)
Normal Omnibus-procedure and an agreement to mail survey. Variables 1-18 were obtained through the Omnibus-survey and variables 19-50 through the mail survey.
Omnibus sample. The sample represents Finnish population aged 15 or over, excluding the citizens of the Åland Islands. Multistage stratified sampling. The target population was stratified according to the number of inhabitants aged 15 or over in each province and in the second stage, by municipality group within each province. Municipalities were classified into five groups: big and small cities (according to population size) and into three rural municipality groups (according to their industrial structure). The sample municipalities were selected representatively. In the third stage, sample households were selected using the starting point method. The first interview was conducted in the randomly selected starting point, after which the interviewer proceeded to the next five households. From each household the person who corresponded to the sex and age criteria defined in the selection card was chosen for the interview.
Face-to-face interview and postal survey
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats.
Number of cases and variables
911 cases and 262 variables
See downloadable files at the top of the page
Questionnaire: pdf file in Finnish
FSD1021 Parties and Municipal Democracy 1996: Candidates
FSD1022 Parties and Local Democracy 1996: Party Members
FSD1024 Parties and Local Democracy 1996: Combined Dataset
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data.
Borg, Sami: Parties and Local Democracy 1996: Electors [computer file]. FSD1023, version 3.0 (2002-05-23). Gallup Finland [data collection], 1996. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2002.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Borg, Sami (1998). Puolueet ja edustuksellinen kunnallisdemokratia: tutkimus poliittisesta edustautumisesta ja legitimiteetistä. Tampere: Tampereen yliopisto. Tampereen yliopisto. Kunnallistieteiden laitos. Julkaisusarja; 1/1998.
Oulasvirta, Lasse & Brännkärr, Christer (2001). Toimiva kunta. Helsinki: Kuntakoulutus.
Palazzolo, Christopher A. (2007). Electoral Independence, Dependence, or Co-Dependence?: a Reassessment of Second-Order Electoral Expectations in Subnational Elections. Atlanta: Emory University. Emory University Dissertations (Ph.D.), Department of Political Science.
Puolueet 1990-luvulla: näkökulmia suomalaiseen puoluetoimintaan (1997). Toim. Sami Borg. Turku: Turun yliopisto. Valtio-opillisia tutkimuksia; 53.