FSD1092 Religion and Religiousness in Russia 1991shortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (Academy of Finland)
Andreenkov, Vladimir (The Russian Academy of Science)
The survey studied the concepts of religion, morals and values in Russia in the beginning of the 1990s. The respondents were asked to evaluate the importance of work, family, friends or acquaintances, leisure time, politics, and religion. Attitudes towards environmental issues were studied. The respondents were also asked which groups and associations they belonged to, whether they did any voluntary work, and why. They were asked what kind of people they would not have as neighbours.
Self-perceived state of health was surveyed. A number of questions focused on how the respondents felt about life in general, and their feelings experienced during the past few weeks were also examined. Trust in other people, feeling of control over own life, and satisfaction with own life were surveyed. Causes for poverty in Russia were also charted. Relating to work, the respondents were asked what economical and social factors were the most important to them at work. The respondents were also asked what role should owners, the state, and employees have in the ownership of an enterprise, and in choosing management.
Several questions dealt with morals and the meaning of life, the respondents' religiosity, religious attendance, and attitude towards the church. In addition, the respondents were asked about their family relations and the meaning of family in their lives, and whether the respondents had the same attitude towards religion, morals, politics and sexuality as their spouse and parents. Relating to marriage, the respondents were asked how important they felt faithfulness, material goods, belonging to the same social stratum, mutual respect, same political views, sexual satisfaction, children, and sharing the chores at home to be. Relating to children, the respondents were asked the actual and desired number of children in the family, the attitude towards child-rearing, conceptions of the relationship between parents and children, and what kind of values should parents instill in their children. Furthermore, the respondents were asked about their attitudes towards working mothers, and the roles of spouses in marriage.
There were several questions about attitudes towards politics and political participation. Moreover, the respondents were asked about their conceptions of the country's future and social development. Trust in institutions was studied by asking how much the respondents trust the church, armed forces, judicial system, the press, the police, trade unions, the political system as a whole, etc. On the other hand, the respondents were asked how they support various social movements like environmental movement, movement against nuclear energy and women's movement. In relation to their moral conceptions, the respondents were asked about several things, for instance, about using public transport without a ticket, using drugs, prostitution, suicide, and euthanasia. The respondents' conceptions about citizens of various countries were also asked about.
Background variables included the respondent's gender, year of birth, age, education, occupational group, occupational status, industry of employment, type of employer, size of the organisation, economic activity and occupational status of the household head, type of neighbourhood in childhood, number of household members, nationality of the respondent, spouse, and the parents, the respondent's political inclination, membership in a political party, political party preference, region of residence, and size of the municipality of residence.
family life; gender roles; happiness; moral concepts; moral values; occupational life; political attitudes; political movements; quality of life; religious attendance; religious beliefs
comparative religion; sociology; theology (FSD Topics Classification)
religion and values (CESSDA Topics Classification)
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes; FSD's access application procedure.
Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij (Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij)
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (Academy of Finland)
January 1991 - February 1991
Soviet Socialist Republic of Russia
Persons over 18 years of age living in the area of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Russia
Multistage cluster sampling
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats.
Number of cases and variables
1961 cases and 371 variables
See downloadable files at the top of the page
Questionnaire: pdf file in Russian
Sample description: paper copy in English
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo: Religion and Religiousness in Russia 1991 [computer file]. FSD1092, version 2.0 (2004-09-13). Moscow: Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij [data collection], 1991. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2004.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1992). Ateistische Ideologie während und nach dem Ende der Perestrojka. Aktuelle Analysen, 13/1992. Bundesinstitut für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien. Köln.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1992). Religiosität in der ehemaligen Sowjetunion. Aktuelle Analysen, 47/1992. Bundesinstitut für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien. Köln.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1995). Die Ethik-Diskussion in Russland. Berichte des Bundesinstituts für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien, 56/1995. Köln.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1995). Religiosität in Russland. Aktuelle Analysen, 26/1995. Bundesinstitut für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien. Köln.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1996). Massovoe soznanie v periode transformacii. Transformacionnye processy v Rossii i vostochnoj Evrope i ih otrazhenie v massovom soznanii. RNISiNP. Moskva.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1997). Moral crisis or immoral society: Russian values after the collapse of communism. Berichte des Bundesinstituts für ostwissenschaftliche und internationale Studien, 26/1997.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1998). Religion in Russia after the collapse of communism. Lewiston (N.Y.): Mellen Press
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1999). Religion and the Russian elite. In: Religion and social transition (ed. Eila Helander). Helsinki: University of Helsinki. Publications of the Department of Practical Theology; 95.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (1999). Religiousness in Russia after the collapse of communism. Social Compass 46(1), 1999.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (2000). Is a shared religion possible in Russia? - In: Beyond the mainstream: the emergence of religious pluralism in Finland, Estonia and Russia (ed. Jeffry Kapplan). Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (2002). Uskonto Venäjällä - tulevaisuutta menneisyydestä. Futura 3/2001: 68-74.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo (2004). Ateismin jälkeen. Uskonnollisuus Venäjällä. Jyväskylä: Gummerus. Kirkon tutkimuskeskuksen julkaisuja; 86.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo & Furman, Dmitri (1997). Verujushchie, ateisty i prochie: evoljucija rossijskoj religioznosti. Voprosy filosofii, 1997:6.
Kääriäinen, Kimmo & Furman, Dmitri (1999). Ljudi na tajushcheij l'dine. Voprosy filosofii, 1999:1
Religious Transition in Russia (2000). Ed. Matti Kotiranta. Helsinki. Kikimora Publications; B:15.
Starye cerkvi, novye verujushchie: religija v massovom soznanii postsovetskoj Rossii (2000). Red. Kimmo Kaariainen & Dmitri Furman. Moskva - Sankt-Peterburg.