FSD1142 Finnish Local Government Barometer 1994: Municipal Managers, Chairmen of Municipal Executive Boardsshortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Foundation for Municipal Development
The survey studied the opinions of municipal leaders (municipal managers and chairpersons of municipal executive boards) on how to improve municipal finances. The respondents evaluated the acceptability of increasing local taxes, privatising municipal services, reducing governmental control, laying off/reducing municipal staff, etc. The respondents were asked to what extent they agreed with a number of statements relating to municipal finances, administration, services, taxation and democracy, the number and size of municipalities, and relations between the government and municipalities. One theme covered the preferred measures to cut municipal expenditure: should municipalities increase local taxes, cut services, or make citizens pay for the services. The respondents were asked which municipal services could be cut. Changes in municipal services over the past two years were charted.
The respondents were also asked which services presently provided by municipalities could be left to other bodies (i.e. governmental or non-governmental organisations, private enterprises, or citizens themselves). The survey carried a set of attitudinal questions about the consolidation of municipalities. The respondents rated the usefulness of certain national and regional bodies (e.g. various ministries, universities, Statistics Finland, The National Land Survey) to their municipality.
Background variables included the respondent's sex, status in municipal administration, municipality size, and province.
consolidation of municipalities; local finance; local government; local taxation; municipal government; municipal managers; municipalities; public sector; public services; social economy; subsidies
local government studies; political studies (FSD Topics Classification)
elites and leadership; government, political systems and organisations (CESSDA Topics Classification)
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes. FSD's access application procedure. Restricted access.
Foundation for Municipal Development
11.8.1994 - 12.9.1994
Managers of Finnish municipalities and chairpersons of municipal executive boards (excluding Swedish-speaking municipalities)
86% [municipal managers], 63% [chairmen of municipal boards]
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats.
Questionnaire: pdf file in Finnish
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data.
Finnish Local Government Barometer 1994: Municipal Managers, Chairmen of Municipal Executive Boards [computer file]. FSD1142, version 1.1 (2003-08-12). Espoo: Gallup Finland [data collection], 1994. Helsinki: Foundation for Municipal Development [producer]. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2003.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Blomberg, Helena & Kroll, Christian (1999). Who wants to preserve the "Scandinavian welfare state"? Attitudes to welfare services among the citizens and local government elites in Finland 1992-96. In: The end of welfare state? Responses to state retrenchment (eds. Svallfors, S. & Taylor-Gooby, P.). London: Routledge. ESA studies in European Society.
Blomberg, Helena & Kroll, Christian (2003). Kuntalaiset, paikalliset päättäjät ja hyvinvointipalvelut 1990-luvulla. Teoksessa: Laman varjo ja nousun huuma (toim. Olli Kangas). Helsinki: Kansaneläkelaitos. Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia; 72.
Kansalaismielipide ja kunnat: ilmapuntari 1994 (1994). Helsinki: Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö. Polemia-sarja; 7.