FSD1315 Finnish Local Government 2004: Municipalities as Working Communities 2003shortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Nakari, Risto (University of Tampere. Work Research Centre)
This is the third survey charting the quality of working conditions in municipal working communities. Degree of stress in respondents' job, changes in working pace, work load, wage level, nature of the job and career prospects were examined. Respondents were asked about job independence, degree of information on planned or decided changes in the work, support from the management or fellow employees.
The survey carried a set of statements relating to the respondent's working community and workplace relations. Workplace conflicts and the ways of dealing with them, relations with the supervisors and the characteristics and methods of the managers were examined. Some questions pertained to productivity, work motivation and methods for improving motivation. Competence and skills required by the respondent's job and job-related training were charted. Respondents evaluated the managers of their own sector with the help of paired concepts (for example enterprising vs. obstructing, co-operative vs. creates conflicts), rated the significance of certain factors causing productivity problems in their community and evaluated how good or bad the services of different sectors were in their own municipality. Finally, use of information technology at work and the importance of dealing with certain issues at negotiations between employers and personnel associations were investigated.
Background variables included the municipality where the respondent works, respondent's workplace, gender, year of birth, trade union membership, type of contract and whether the respondent held a managerial or supervisory position.
conflicts; employees; incentives; job satisfaction; leadership; management; municipal officials; municipalities; productivity; public services; rewards; social influence; supervisors; wages; work motivation; working communities; working conditions
local government studies; social policy; social psychology; sociology of work (FSD Topics Classification)
working conditions (CESSDA Topics Classification)
Variable k2 (office or post) has not been recorded in the original data. Variable k1 (workplace) has been removed from the data.
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes. FSD's access application procedure. Restricted access.
Nakari, Risto (University of Tampere. Work Research Centre)
The Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities
Finland, Espoo, Hamina, Haukipudas, Humppila, Hämeenlinna, Iitti, Jaala, Joroinen, Kaarina, Karstula, Kemiö, Kerava, Kiikala, Kokkola, Kolari, Kotka, Kristiinankaupunki, Kuhmoinen, Lappeenranta, Leppävirta, Lieksa, Liljendal, Lumijoki, Mikkeli, Multia, Naantali, Noormarkku, Närpiö, Oulainen, Outokumpu, Padasjoki, Pieksämäki, Porvoo, Pudasjärvi, Punkaharju, Pyhäntä, Pylkönmäki, Ranua, Rääkkylä, Sonkajärvi, Suolahti, Tyrnävä, Vaasa, Vahto, Varkaus, Vimpeli, Virrat
Members of the municipal working communities included in the sample.
Two-stage stratified sampling in selecting project municipalities. Total study of the working communities, selected with judgement sampling.
The project municipalities were selected separately from those with less than 10,000 inhabitants (28 municipalities) and from those with more than 10,000 inhabitants (19 municipalities). The selection aimed to be representative within both groups of all municipalities with the same population size. Large municipalities were overly represented because 70 % of the Finnish population lives in large municipalities. Representativeness criteria included regional location, age and education of the population, industry structure, municipal economy parameters, political situation and variables related to municipal policy. The target group municipalities form a small scale model of all Finnish municipalities. The Åland Islands municipalities were excluded because of special features due to their autonomy.
The data consist of 392 work communities in 47 municipalities. The working communities were originally selected for the 1995 survey. In each municipality, a sample of similar working communities representing the sector's core activities was selected. Working communities include social, health, technical, educational and cultural services. Following the principles of panel surveys the questionnaire was sent to all members of the selected communities. The working communities are basically the same as in the 1995 survey.
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats.
Questionnaire: pdf file in Finnish
Data Appraisal and Notes
The social services sector was over-represented and the health services under-represented compared to the actual personnel numbers in Finnish municipalities. Men and persons with temporary contracts were under-represented.
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data. The bibliographic citation may be in the form required by the publication, or in the form suggested by the archive.
Nakari, Risto: Finnish Local Government 2004: Municipalities as Working Communities 2003 [computer file]. FSD1315, version 1.0 (2004-01-21). Helsinki: The Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities [producer]. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2004.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Nakari, Risto (2004). Kuntien erilaistuva työelämä. Tutkimus kunnallisista työyhteisöistä 1995 - 2003. Helsinki: Kuntaliitto. KuntaSuomi 2004 -tutkimuksia; 50 & Acta; 170.
Nevalainen, Elina (2007). Määräaikaisuus opetustyössä? Epätyypillisen työn vaikutukset opettajan professioon. Helsinki: Helsingin yliopisto. Sosiaalipolitiikan pro gradu -tutkielma.