FSD2272 Finnish Local Government 2004: Inhabitants 2000shortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Helander, Voitto (Åbo Akademi University)
Pekola-Sjöblom, Marianne (Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities)
Sjöblom, Stefan (University of Helsinki. Swedish School of Social Science)
This survey studies the inhabitants' opinions on their municipalities and municipal services, as well as their political participation and influencing.
The respondents were asked how likely they will live in their current municipality of residence for the rest of their lives. They were also asked whether they considered their municipality a good place to live compared to other municipalities, and to what extent they identified with their neighbourhood, municipality, region, country, the Nordic countries, the EU, and Europe on the whole.
Views were probed on which municipal services (public services) the respondents had used in the last 12 months, how well certain municipal services functioned, and whether the municipality should invest more or less in these services.
The respondents were asked whether they had been elected to any office in their municipality, and whether they would be willing to hold an elected office. Voting behaviour was investigated by asking the respondents whether they had voted in the 2000 municipal elections, whether they had voted for a female or male candidate, and which political party they had voted for. The respondents were also asked to assess the significance of the party or the person in making the voting decision. Party loyalty was investigated by asking whether the respondents always voted for a particular party, or whether they changed the party they vote for between different elections.
The respondents gave their views on a set of attitudinal statements related to organising different services and administration, as well as membership and participation in non-governmental organisations and associations. Political participation was studied by asking the respondents whether they had used certain methods of influencing decision-making (e.g. taking part in demonstrations, signing petitions, contacting decision-makers), and by asking them to rate the effectiveness of these methods. The respondents were also asked whether they had followed current issues concerning their municipality in the media or visited the web pages of their municipality. Further questions covered whether the respondents had given feedback on public services in their municipality and whether the eventual feedback had been countered.
Finally, the respondents were asked to evaluate their own abilities to interact with their municipality and to defend their own interests, to assess how integral certain aspects are to the idea of citizenship (e.g. paying taxes honestly, obeying the law and regulations, sacrificing personal interest for the common good, respecting public property, membership in a political party), and to give their opinions on decision-making in their municipality of residence.
Background variables included the respondent's age, gender, marital status, number of children, education, employment type, and tenure. Background variables not asked in the questionnaire included the respondent's mother tongue, and the year of moving into the respondent's current municipality of residence.
associations; attitudes; candidates; citizenship; elected officials; elections; housing; local government; local government elections; local government policy; municipalities; participation; place of residence; political allegiance; political participation; politics; public services; regional identity; residential areas; social influence; voluntary organizations; voting; voting behaviour
administrative sciences; local government studies; political studies (FSD Topics Classification)
government, political systems and organisations; mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion; social welfare policy (CESSDA Topics Classification)
The variable indicating municipality has been removed from the data.
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes. FSD's access application procedure.
Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities
Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities
November 2000 - March 2001
Finland, Espoo, Haukipudas, Humppila, Hämeenlinna, Iitti, Jaala, Joroinen, Kaarina, Karstula, Kemiö, Kerava, Kiikala, Kokkola, Kolari, Kotka, Kristiinankaupunki, Kuhmoinen, Lappeenranta, Leppävirta, Lieksa, Liljendal, Lumijoki, Mikkeli, Multia, Naantali, Noormarkku, Närpiö, Oulainen, Outokumpu, Padasjoki, Pieksämäki, Porvoo, Pudasjärvi, Punkaharju, Pyhäntä, Pylkönmäki, Ranua, Rääkkylä, Sonkajärvi, Suolahti, Tyrnävä, Vaasa, Vahto, Varkaus, Vehkalahti, Vimpeli, Virrat, Anttola, Mikkelin mlk
Residents of the project municipalities aged 18 or over
Simple random sampling, sample size 25,700.
The municipality samples were identical with the 1996 questionnaire. In addition, Anttola and Mikkelin maalaiskunta were included, because they were annexed into the city of Mikkeli at the beginning of 2001.
The Population Register Centre randomly drew a sample of 300, 450, 650 or 1,500 inhabitants in each selected municipality according to its size. There were three follow-up mailings, of which the last one was sent only to those municipalities where the response rate was among the lowest. 14,535 questionnaires were returned.
Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats.
Questionnaire: pdf file in Finnish
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data. The bibliographic citation may be in the form required by the publication, or in the form suggested by the archive.
Helander, Voitto & Pekola-Sjöblom, Marianne & Sjöblom, Stefan: Finnish Local Government 2004: Inhabitants 2000 [computer file]. FSD2272, version 1.0 (2007-08-27). Åbo Akademi University & Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities & (University of Helsinki. Swedish School of Social Science [producers], 2000. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2007.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Pekola-Sjöblom, Marianne & Helander, Voitto & Sjöblom, Stefan (2002). Kuntalaisen monet roolit. Helsinki: Suomen Kuntaliitto KuntaSuomi 2004 -tutkimuksia; 37 & Acta-sarja; 147.
Pekola-Sjöblom, Marianne & Helander, Voitto & Sjöblom, Stefan (2006). Kuntalainen - kansalainen. Tutkimus kuntalaisten asenteista ja osallistumisesta 1996-2004. Helsinki: Suomen Kuntaliitto. KuntaSuomi 2004 -tutkimuksia; 56 & Acta-sarja; 182.