FSD2354 International Students in Finnish Universities 2007shortcuts: data collection | citation | publications
Niemelä, Anna (Student Research Foundation (Otus))
The objective of the survey was to find out how the international students in Finnish universities experience their level of integration in the academic community and Finnish society, and to examine the factors influencing the integration. The survey included six sections with the following themes: background information; immigration to Finland; academic integration; social integration; subsistence, accommodation, employment and health; and future plans.
In view of immigration to Finland, the respondents were asked whether university studies were their primary reason for moving to Finland. Depending on the answer, the importance of various factors on pursuing a degree in Finland was charted. They were also asked whether they had visited Finland before and if they had, the reason for the potential visit was queried. The respondents were presented with a list of various institutions (tax authorities, the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, etc.) and asked to assess how easy it was to interact and co-operate with them. They were also asked to evaluate the importance of different factors in selecting the university to study in, and the importance of various sources of information about possibilities to study in Finland. The quality and amount of information was also canvassed.
In the next section (academic integration), the respondents were asked about the satisfaction with the progress of their studies and the possible reasons for not progressing as planned. Satisfaction with study-related issues and services provided by the student union was also charted. The most important sources of guidance, help and support in study-related questions were investigated, as well as participation in tutoring and reasons for possible absence. The respondents were also asked to indicate whether they had felt they had been excluded within the academic community because of their foreign background.
Regarding social integration, the respondents' participation in social activities or events organised by student organisations was charted, as well as reasons for participation or non-participation. They were asked to name the social groups which they were in contact with most actively. In addition, the respondents' satisfaction with the amount of their social contacts was charted. They were also asked to indicate whether they had felt they had been excluded elsewhere than within the academic community because of their foreign background.
In order to chart the respondents' subsistence, the most important sources of funding, monthly net income, and satisfaction with disposable income were queried. Further questions charted the type of accommodation, the sources of information about housing the respondents had used, and possible difficulties in finding suitable accommodation. The respondents were asked about working in Finland and to estimate their strengths and weaknesses in the Finnish labour market. In addition, use of various health services was charted. Finally, the respondents' future plans were probed. They were for instance asked to indicate whether they were going to stay in Finland and to evaluate the quality of Finnish higher education.
Background variables included the respondent's age, gender, marital status, scientific discipline, and previous tertiary studies. In addition, the language of R's study programme, skills in Finnish and Swedish, and primary means of learning Finnish were charted.
discrimination; educational guidance; employment; foreigners; health services; housing; information retrieval; job hunting; living abroad; services; social integration; social systems; standard of living; undergraduates
educational research; social welfare policy; sociology (FSD Topics Classification)
minorities; post-compulsory education; social behaviour and attitudes (CESSDA Topics Classification)
Variables denoting university and native language have been removed from the data. Variables denoting age, nationality, main subject, and previous place of study have been recoded.
Access to the data granted for scientific and teaching purposes. FSD's access application procedure.
Niemelä, Anna (Student Research Foundation (Otus))
Ministry of Education
Degree students in Finnish universities who started their studies in 1997-2006 and were present in spring 2007 with a non-Finnish citizenship and with a native language other than Finnish (excluding Students who had not obtained any credits during the past three years)
The students in the target group were gathered from the university student registers. The sample size was 2,441, out of which 952 returned the questionnaire. Thus, the response rate was 39%.
Data: SPSS portable file. Data available also in other file formats. Open-ended answers available as a separate file (CSV).
Number of cases and variables
961 cases and 292 variables
See downloadable files at the top of the page
Questionnaire: pdf file in English
FSD1269 Foreign Students in Finland's Higher Education Institutions 2002
The source must be acknowledged in any publication based wholly or in part on the data. The bibliographic citation may be in the form required by the publication, or in the form suggested by the archive.
Niemelä, Anna: International Students in Finnish Universities 2007 [computer file]. FSD2354, version 1.0 (2009-06-09). Ministry of Education [producer]. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor], 2009.
The archive must be informed of all publications where the data have been used.
The depositor and the archive bear no responsibility for any results or interpretations arising from the secondary use of the data.
Niemelä, Anna (2008). Kansainväliset tutkinto-opiskelijat Suomen yliopistoissa. Helsinki: Suomen ylioppilaskuntien liitto. SYL-julkaisu 3/2008.