Series Descriptions

International Data Series

ESS (European Social Survey)

European Social Survey (ESS) is a biennial multi-country survey covering over 20 nations. The first round was fielded in 2002/2003. The project is funded jointly by the European Commission, the European Science Foundation and academic funding bodies from each participating country. The Academy of Finland funds the project in Finland.

The interview data consist of a core module, which remains relatively constant from round to round, and two or three rotating modules, repeated at intervals. Additional data are collected through self-administered questionnaires. The core module monitors change and continuity in a wide range of social variables, including media use; social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations; governance and efficacy; social exclusion; well-being, health and security; moral, political and social values; national, ethnic and religious alliances; demographics and socio-economics.

For further information, see ESS Home Site.

EVS (European Values Study) and WVS (World Values Survey)

European Values Systems Study Group (EVSSG) carried out the first EVS surveys in several Western European countries in 1981. The World Values Surveys series was started when the original EVS study evoked such interest that it was replicated in 14 additional countries. EVS surveys have been carried out in four waves: 1981, 1990, 1999 and 2008. WVS data have been collected in five waves: 1981-1984, 1989-1993, 1994-1999, 1999-2004, and 2005-2008.

Structurally, the international surveys of the World Values Survey (WVS) series resemble the Eurobarometers and the ISSP surveys. Citizen activities, attitudes, and basic values in different countries are studied with integrated, structured surveys.

European Values Study group is responsible for the EVS data collection. The planning of the WVS, and the coordination and documentation of the aggregated four-wave data file has been carried out by the World Values Survey network, under the direction of Professor Ronald Inglehart.

Finland has participated in WVS from the very beginning with materials collected by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd). WVS/EVS data are usually collected with face-to-face interviews. However, in 1990 and in 2009 (the fourth wave of EVS), the Finnish material was collected via GallupChannel, i.e. by using Internet terminals installed in respondents' homes.

WVS/EVS data and documentation are also available on the Values Survey Database web site. The service is free, but downloading requires registration.

Eurobarometers

Eurobarometers are financed by the European Commission and are carried out simultaneously in the European Union member countries. The surveys study the social and political opinions of persons resident in the member countries. The first series was published in 1974. The surveys consist of regularly repeated questions and additional questions on topics considered important at the time of the survey. The regularly asked questions deal with the European Community/European Union, European Parliament, as well as with the functioning of democracy in respondents' countries. The alternating questions have focused, for example, on the following issues: employment, unemployment, the roles of sexes, ecology and energy policy, position of children and adolescents, poverty, health, biotechnology, regional development, consumer behaviour, and education.

The countries that have participated in the Eurobarometer surveys since 1974 are France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, and Luxemburg. Greece came in in 1980, Portugal and Spain in 1985, the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1990, Sweden and Austria in 1994, Finland in 1995, Cyprus, Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, and Slovakia in 2004, and Romania and Bulgaria in 2007. The Finnish Eurobarometer data have been collected since 1995 (EB 43), but for the questions related to the EU, Finland has participated already since 1993 (EB 39). The data are collected by specialised organisations. In Finland, the data are collected by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd).

Variables related to the contents of the Eurobarometers are usually under embargo for two years, after which they can be freely used. The GESIS (German data archive) maintains a Eurobarometer site, where you can find information on, for example, study profiles (including questionnaires in different languages, and information on possible errata and embargoes), trend questions, and sampling and fieldwork. There is also a search engine for browsing questionnaires and codebooks. The results of the latest surveys can be found on the web pages of the European Commission's Public Opinion Analysis Sector.

Besides the standard Eurobarometers, the Commission has collected comparative data from non-EU countries. The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer (CEEB) was fielded eight times between 1990 and 1997, and the Candidate Countries Eurobarometer (CCEB) eleven times between 2001 and 2004.

ZACAT, the data portal of the GESIS, offers diverse information on all Eurobarometers, with online retrieval, analysis and download. Their Data Catalogue DBK allows retrieval and download of data and questionnaires. Both services are free of charge but downloading requires registration. The ZACAT registration is valid for DBK and vice versa.

Flash Eurobarometers

Flash Eurobarometers are small scale surveys which supplement larger standard Eurobarometers. Flash survey series was launched at the end of the 1980s on the initiative of the European Commission. The surveys are carried out by the Public Opinion Analysis Sector, on current themes at the request of the Commission or other EU institutions.

Data are usually collected with telephone interviews. The sample represents people aged 15 or over in all EU countries. Occasionally the Flash EBs refer to specific subgroups or single member countries, depending on the topic. The standard sample size is 500 or 1000 respondents for every country. Data are free for secondary analysis about a year after the data collection.

Survey topics have included entrepreneurship, EU enlargement, agricultural policy, EU citizen rights, consumer issues, European Parliament elections, information society, and the Internet.

More information is available on the GESIS Flash Eurobarometer site and on the web pages of European Commission's Public Opinion Analysis Sector. The Data Catalogue DBK of the GESIS allows retrieval and download of data and questionnaires. The service is free of charge but downloading requires registration .

ISSP (International Social Survey Programme)

ISSP is a continuous programme of cross-national collaboration on social science surveys. It is based on annual, internationally integrated surveys carried out in all participating countries. A self-financed consortium of various research institutions is in charge of the programme. The ISSP data collection started in 1985, and in Finland in 2000, along with the national membership.

The GESIS in Germany is responsible for archiving the ISSP data. Country-specific codebooks and questionnaires can be found on the GESIS ISSP web pages. ZACAT, the data portal of the GESIS, offers information on ISSP surveys, with online retrieval, analysis and download. Their Data Catalogue DBK allows retrieval and download of data and questionnaires. Both services are free of charge but downloading requires registration. The ZACAT registration is valid for DBK and vice versa.

In Finland, ISSP surveys are carried out in collaboration by three institutions: Finnish Social Science Data Archive, School of Social Sciences and Humanities at the University of Tampere, and the Interview and Survey Services of Statistics Finland.

ABDI Surveys

The ABDI Surveys include all surveys conducted by the Advisory Board for Defence Information (ABDI). Their focus is on security policy, foreign policy and national defence. The FSD collections cover data from 1992. There is an annual survey series of Finnish opinions on these issues and the factors influencing the opinions. The annual surveys contain a set of core questions repeated over the years, and are named either Planning Commission for Defence Information Surveys or Opinions on Security Policy.

Attitudes towards Corporal Punishment of Children in Finland

Central Union for Child Welfare has charted corporal punishment against children and the attitudes towards it in Finland since the 1980s. The datasets archived at the FSD are from the 2000s. Survey questions in the archived datasets include parents' self-reported use of corporal punishment against children.

Career and Employment Survey of Finnish University Graduates

The survey series consists of career follow-up studies of multidisciplinary Finnish universities. Each survey charts the career and employment situation of Bachelors and Masters of Arts five years after the graduation. Respondents are asked about their work history, current employment situation and satisfaction with their academic degree. The surveys are conducted by the Aarresaari network of the Academic Career Services in Finland.

Church Monitors

The survey series, produced by the Church Research Institute, studies the religiosity and beliefs of continental Finns, and their relationship to the Evangelical Lutheran Chruch of Finland and other religious communities. Themes studied include supernatural phenomena, spirituality and morality, and the importance of different parish activities. The survey data have been collected as part of a separate, cross-national RISC Monitor study. The surveys are carried out by MDC RISC International Oy and Gallup Finland. The FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.

City Service Surveys

City services have been studied since 1983. The surveys, conducted by the Association of Finnish Cities, and since 1993 by Efektia and Efeko (nowadays FCG Finnish Consulting Group), canvass citizens' attitudes towards municipal services and administration. The datasets are to a large extent comparable.

Community-based Mental Health Rehabilitation of Young Adults 2010-2012

The series contains qualitative data produced by the research project Client-centeredness in Community-based Mental Health Rehabilitation of Young Adults 2010-2012 . The research focused on outpatient rehabilitation courses for young adults with serious mental health problems. Data archived at FSD contain different kinds of interactions. Some interactions happened 'naturally', that is, they would have taken place anyway (rehabilitation or multiagency team meetings) while other interactions were arranged specifically for the research (client and staff interviews).

Development Cooperation Surveys

Development Cooperation Surveys are commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and study citizens' opinions, attitudes and information needs connected with development co-operation. The data collection has been conducted by Taloustutkimus Oy. The survey series was launched in 1997.

EVA Surveys on Finnish Values and Attitudes

Since 1984, the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) has conducted biennial surveys studying changes in Finnish attitudes, values, and perceptions of the present and the future. The series, formerly known as Finnish National Attitudes, aims at measuring and analysing citizens' views on Finnish society. The data allow a detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of change in public opinion. Each dataset contains both new themes and recurring themes with questions repeated over the years.

Themes covered include democracy, market economy, welfare, environment, society and politics, Finland's international position, economic depression, economic growth, Finnish identity, and views on the future. The surveys are funded by EVA and have usually been carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus Oy. The FSD collections also include surveys on values and attitudes of corporate executives (for example, FSD1091), in which some of the questions presented in this series have been repeated.

Employment Surveys of Tampere University Graduates

The University of Tampere Career Center have regularly monitored the employment situation of those recently graduated. The studies focus on students taking the master's degree and on their employment situation after a year from graduation. Since 1994, those who have completed the master's degree have been surveyed in two stages according to the time of their graduation: either in spring or in autumn. Thus, those who have completed their degree have received the employment questionnaire approximately after a year from their graduation. Each dataset includes several questions about respondents' search for work, current employment situation, and employer. Background information covers respondent's gender, degree, the year when began studying, faculty, department, main subject and province. Employment Surveys of Tampere University Postgraduates have been conducted since 1996.

Energy Attitudes of the Finns 1983-2011

The survey series was launched in 1983 at the University of Tampere, and was initially financed by the energy company Imatran Voima Oy (later known as the Fortum Corporation). Finnish public opinion on energy policy issues was studied by annual mail surveys. Comparative data allow detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of citizen perceptions, opinions, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes on these matters.

The surveys were carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus Oy and jointly produced by the Fortum Corporation (Imatran Voima Oy until 1998) and Teollisuuden Voima Oy (TVO). The Finnish Energy Industries (ET) was responsible for publishing the results from 2004 onwards. The data collection for this series has been finished, but the same themes are studied in the Finnish Energy Attitudes series.

Family Barometers

The Family barometers series was launched by the Population Research Institute, a subdivision of the Finnish Family Federation, in 1996. The annual postal surveys revolve round family life, but each barometer has also its own theme. These have included assistance between different generations, sufficiency of public support and services, the division of domestic responsibilities, work-life balance, parenting, child-rearing, and children's pastimes and hobbies.

Finnish Attitudes towards Alcohol Control Policies

The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES), nowadays called the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) , has been conducting surveys on attitudes towards alcohol control policies in Finland. Survey questions have explored opinons on alcohol retail outlets, alcohol marketing and advertising and age limits for alcohol purchase, etc. Data collection has been carried out by Gallup Finland (currently TSN Gallup Finland). The FSD collections cover data from 1996.

Finnish EU Attitudes

The research series, launched by the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) in 1992, studies Finnish public opinion on EU integration. Views are probed on Finland's EU membership, the future and enlargement of the EU, European economic and fiscal policy, EMU, the European Parliament, Finnish security policy, EU subsidies and European integration as a whole. In addition, the surveys canvass citizen satisfaction with the availability of EU-related information, as well as with the way the Finnish Government and Parliament have handled EU issues.

Starting from 2001, the surveys also cover opinions on international issues in general. Background information includes age, gender, education, economic activity, occupational group and trade union membership. Respondents have been asked which party they would vote for if the parliamentary elections were held at the time of the study. The surveys are commissioned by EVA, and usually carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.

Finnish Energy Attitudes

The annual survey series, which began in 2012, explores the views, beliefs and opinions of Finns on energy policy and energy production.

The surveys are produced and the results published by The Finnish Energy Industries (ET). The surveys are conducted and the data collected by IROResearch Oy. The same themes have previously been studied in Energy Attitudes of the Finns 1983-2011 with partly the same questions.

Finnish Gambling Surveys

The gambling surveys, commissioned by the Ministry of Social Health and Health, chart Finnish gambling behaviour, attitudes to gambling and problem gambling. The surveys use a modified South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Data are collected by Taloustutkimus every four years.

Finnish Local Government 2004

The research programme Finnish Local Government 2004 is a joint programme launched by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, universities and research centres. It is funded by Finnish municipalities and the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. The project engages in a systematic and comparable analysis of the development of the municipal sector in 1995-2004. The 47 municipalities participating in the programme are representative of the Finnish local government sector.

The study programme comprises of 14 research modules. For most modules, data are collected through mail surveys. The data may be used for cross-sectional or time series analysis.

Finnish Local Government Barometers

The Foundation for Municipal Development conducts annual surveys covering opinions on local (municipal) democracy, local government, local economy and services. Respondents are generally local inhabitants, municipal managers and the chairpersons of municipal boards. The data enable comparison between the opinions of the inhabitants on the one hand, and the managers and chairpersons on the other. The surveys also study municipal managers' views on the policies of the Government of Finland and the functionality of local co-operation. The survey series was launched in 1992.

Finnish National Election Studies

Finnish National Election Studies are nationally representative surveys conducted in connection with parliamentary elections in Finland. Data have been collected by the Election Study Consortium from the year 2003 onwards. More information in the Finnish Election Study Portal.

The data, collected through face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires, allow study of changes in public opinion and democracy over time. Some modules are repeated but each study also contains questions on current issues. Main themes include political participation, political attitudes, candidate and party choice, voting, and election campaigning.

Finnish Science Barometers

Finnish Science Barometers study attitudes towards science and research. Topics cover usefulness, quality and ethics of science, benefits and risks of scientific and technological development, and world-view. The first barometer was conducted in 2001, after which data have been collected at three-year intervals. The surveys are commissioned by Tieteen tiedotus ry and carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.

Finnish Voter Barometers

The Finnish Voter Barometer surveys are commissioned by the major parties in the Parliament. In election years, other sponsors have also been involved. Up till 1988, the surveys were planned by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd) and the Department of Political and Economic Studies at the University of Helsinki, in collaboration with the political parties. After 1988, the planning has been in the hands of Gallup Finland and the parties.

From 1973 to 1990, the annual voter barometers were collected mainly with face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires, 1000-2000 interviews/barometer. Since 1991, the data have been collected with GallupChannel (PC's installed in respondents' homes). No surveys were conducted in 1985 and 1989.

Survey themes include voting behaviour, opinions on the government and the parties, and attitudes towards national political issues. In addition, respondents' economic expectations and political participation have often been studied, as well as their opinions on local politics, and the significance of the party leader to a party. Background variables have often included the social class of the respondent and the household head, economic activity of the household head, respondent's education, age, mother tongue, gender, party membership, political views, trade union membership, and family's annual income. There are also regional variables. Even though the variables are not always fully comparable from one survey to another, all kinds of comparisons over time are possible. The FSD collections cover data from 1973.

Finnish Working Life Barometers

Finnish Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. The survey series was launched in 1992 and is conducted by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. Main themes include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland.

Finnish Working Life Barometers: Local Government Employees

The data in the series have been collected as part of the Finnish Working Life Barometers which cover employees in all sectors, using the same questionnaire. This series covers employees in the local government sector only, containing an oversample of the target population. The questions used are the same as for the main survey. The series is commissioned by the Centre for Occupational Safety and its Local Government Sector Group. Data have been collected from 1994, except for the years 1995 and 1997.

Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. Main topics include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. This series allows longitudinal study on changes in the working conditions of municipal employees.

Finnish Youth Surveys

The Advisory Council for Youth Affairs (Nuora) started to produce Youth Surveys in 1994. This survey series charts attitudes and expectations of Finnish young people aged 15 - 29. Each survey contains both current questions and recurring questions which are repeated over time, enabling the study of long-term attitude changes. The main themes include attitudes to education, working life, social security, spending, drug use, and young people's willingness to participate in order to influence decision-making.

Follow-ups on Finnish National and Local Elections (GallupChannel)

Gallup Finland has been collecting follow-up data on Finnish public elections, using its computerised GallupChannel Data Collection System. The surveys, led by Tom Moring and Juhani Pehkonen, have studied voting behaviour, political party and candidate choice, and what kind of influence the media, information sources, election campaigns and advertising have had on people's voting decisions.

GOAL - Good Ageing in Lahti Region: Longitudinal Study on Ageing and Well-being 2002-2012

GOAL is a longitudinal research project fousing on the habits, health and well-being of the aging population in the Päijät-Häme (Lahti) region of Finland. Data have been collected in 2002, 2005, 2008 and 2012 using questionnaires, clinical measurements and laboratory tests. The aim is to utilize the results to improve municipal health policies and community-based health promotion interventions.

Gallup Ecclesiastica

The survey series, commissioned by the Church Research Institute, studies Finnish religiosity and values, participation in the activities of the Evangelical Lutheran Church and relationship to the church. Data are collected every four years. FSD collections include data from the year 1995 onwards.

Health Promotion Barometers

Health Promotion Barometers, formerly called Health Barometers, chart the views of municipal and organisational decision makers on the present state and the future of health promotion. In addition, the surveys investigate the respondents' attitudes towards current health issues from the administrative point of view. The surveys conducted annually 1992-2011 by the Finnish Centre for Health Promotion (nowadays SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health).

Juvenile Delinquency in Finland

The National Research Institute of Legal Policy launched a long-term research project in spring 1995 to study young people's criminal and forbidden activities. In these surveys, information has been gathered with the self-report method: the participants, 9th grade students from different parts of Finland, have answered anonymously to questions about their own criminal or forbidden activities. The survey series is also known under the name of the Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study (FSRD).

Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS)

Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development was initiated as Lea Pulkkinen's doctoral dissertation in 1968. Since then, the study has continued to follow the same individuals for over 40 years. When the project was launched, 369 eight-year-old children participated in the research. They were randomly selected among second-graders in primary school. After the first research, data have been collected when the respondents have been 14, 20, 27, 33, 36, 42, and 50 years old. The latest data collection took place in 2009.

When the respondents were still in school, the principal methods of data collection were teacher ratings and peer nominations on the pupils' social behaviour. In adulthood, the data collection methods have mostly been interviews and questionnaires. At the ages of 42 and 50, the respondents also participated in medical examinations and laboratory tests. The research themes have included socioemotional development and personality, education and career, family of origin and one's own family, health behaviour and health, and social adjustment. Further information on the research and the methods used can be found for example on the website of the Department of Psychology at the University of Jyväskylä.

The number of participants has been high during the whole project: each round of data collection has yielded a response rate of 70% or more among the original sample. The sample has been proven to be representative of its age group in terms of family relations, education, occupational status, and unemployment.

The Academy of Finland has been the main source of funding since 1986. In addition, the Finnish Cultural Foundation funded the project in 1986. The research was conducted by university students and officials at the University of Jyväskylä up to 1986. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS) was one of the three major longitudinal studies included in the Human Development and Its Risk Factors Programme, which was approved as the Centre of Excellence for the years 1997-1999 and 2000-2005 by the Academy of Finland and the Ministry of Education. In 2009, the data collection was financed by the Academy of Finland's funding granted to Lea Pulkkinen (decision no. 127125) and Katja Kokko (decision no. 118316). The project is located at the Laboratory of Middle-age Development in the Department of Psychology at the University of Jyväskylä and led by Docent and Academy Researcher Katja Kokko.

National User Surveys of Finnish Libraries

The national user surveys of Finnish libraries collect information on the use of library services, customer satisfaction and the effectiveness of services. The surveys are aimed at the end users of public, university and special libraries and have been conducted as online surveys. The identical questionnaires used in the surveys enable the comparison within and between the library sectors, as well as the examination of trends.

Police Barometers

Police Barometers are conducted by the Police Department of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior. The surveys chart Finnish respondents' (aged over 15) attitudes towards the role, activities, and services of the police. Citizens' fears, crime risk, and opinions on national security are also covered. FSD collections cover data from 1999.

Public Procurement Notices

Public procurement notices data contain the announcements published in HILMA, an electronic forum for publishing contract notices, maintained by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland. Public contracts are supply, service or public works contracts into which the state, municipalities or federations of municipalities, state enterprises and other contracting authorities, as defined in the procurement legislation, enter with external suppliers. Contracting authorities are required to publish the contracts exceeding a threshold value in the HILMA database. FSD collections contain data beginning from the year 2007.

Register Data on Vacancies Notified to Public Employment Service

The data series contains register information on the vacancies notified to the Public Employment Service in Finland. Information is provided on open vacancies, employers reporting them and the process of filling the vacancies. Regional variables as well as variables connected to the time frames of the recruitment process have been added to the data. The series also contains data on employment, unemployment and labour market policy measures aiming to enhance employment.

The Ministry of Employment and the Economy produces new datasets each year.

Religion and Religiousness in Russia

Religion and religiousness in Russia is a research series carried out by the Academy of Finland and the Russian Academy of Sciences. In Russia, the data were collected by Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij (Institute for Comparative Social Research), and in Finland by the Research Institute of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The surveys were carried out in 1991, 1993, 1996 and 1999, and are included in the FSD collections.

Rural Finland

Rural Finland barometers were developed as part of the Landmarks Programme (2010-2012) of the Finnish Innovation Fund (Sitra). The barometers provide information on the relationship of the Finns to the countryside as well as their ideas for its future. The surveys also helped to evaluate the impact of the programme and provided basis for discussion and decision-making on rural issues.

School Well-being Profile

In this survey series, well-being at school is under observation. The respondents belong to four target groups: primary schools (grades 4-6), lower secondary schools (grades 7-9), upper secondary institutions, and personnel. The data are collected during each school year, and schools can independently decide in what time of the year they respond to the survey. The first datasets archived at the FSD are from the school year 2004-2005.

The School Well-being Profile is based on Anne Konu's doctoral dissertation, in which well-being at school is divided into four categories: school conditions, social relationships in school, means for self-fulfilment in school, and health status. The quantitative datasets in the series examine these categories with the help of statements and multiple choice questions. The topics in the survey are the same to all respondents, but the wording of the questions has been specifically adjusted for each target group. The data are collected through an Internet survey on the web page of the Finnish National Board of Education.

Sociobarometers

Sociobarometers, compiled by SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health (previously the Finnish Federation for Social Welfare and Health), have been carried out annually since 1991. Various service providers (e.g. local social services, health care centres, employment offices, Social Insurance Institution authorities) evaluate the state of services and changes in welfare of citizens. Some current social policy themes are also included. The FSD collections cover data from 1994.

Sport Surveys

Sport Surveys study sporting activities and exercise habits and trends in Finland. The surveys have been conducted every four years since 1994, and are carried out separately for adult population aged 19 - 65 and for younger persons aged 3 - 18. Topics covered include to what extent and how often Finns take part in sporting or recreational physical activities, what types of sport they do, the role of sports organisations, and willingness to try out new sports. Some questions focus on voluntary work carried out for sports clubs and other organisations, participation in sports events and competitions, and sport spectatorship. In this respect, the scope of the study is extended from exercising habits to citizen participation in sports.

As Finland has four distinct seasons, the data are collected year round to ensure that all types of sport are equally included. Data collection is carried out by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd). The surveys are commissioned by, among others, the Finnish Sports Federation (SLU) and the Young Finland Association, in co-operation with the Ministry of Education.

Substance Abuse Treatment

The series contains data suitable for qualitative and quantitative research. Data were collected from staff and clients at A-clinics and other institutions treating people with substance abuse problems.

Main topics included substance use background of clients and their experiences of substance abuse treatment, staff background, their career choice, treatment methods used etc.

Tampere Health and Social Surveys

The Department of Social Services and Health Care in the City of Tampere and the UKK Institute launched this joint research project in 1990. Tampere Health and Social Surveys cover the health of the citizens in Tampere and the use of social and health services. The surveys are carried out every three years in a relatively similar manner. Most of the questions are repeated in all surveys, which allows the datasets to be compared over time.

University Student Health Surveys

The survey series charts the physical, mental and social health of undergraduate students of higher education institutions in Finland. Other main themes include health-related behaviour and associated attitudes, social relationships, studies and financing studies, opinions on and the use of student health services. In addition to core questions, each survey contains questions on particular themes. Surveys are conducted by the Finnish Student Health Service (FSHS) at four-year intervals. Data collection began in the year 2000.

Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption in Finland

This survey series charts Finnish alcohol consumption, concentrating on consumption not recorded in statistics. The surveys investigate the use of home-made, smuggled, and privately imported alcoholic beverages, and the use of pure alcohol. At first, the surveys were carried out by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies, which was annexed to the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) (nowadays the National Institute for Health and Welfare ) in 1996. The FSD collections cover data from 1995.

Use of Electronic Library Resources

During the years 1998-2011, the Finnish National Electronic Library (FinELib) carried out several surveys directed to the users of electronic resources in Finnish university, polytechnic, research institute, and public and special libraries. Users were asked how they used e-resources, what kind of e-resources they needed, how satisfied they were with the resources and what kind of development ideas they had for the service.

Use of Online Services and Information Technology in Tampere

This survey series forms part of the Infocity programme, which itself is a sub-programme of the eTampere programme. The Infocity programme aims at promoting and developing online services for the citizens of Tampere (Finland). The surveys chart respondents' (aged between 15 and 74) use of information technology, the Internet and online services in Tampere. The series was launched in 2000, and data collection is carried out by Taloustutkimus Oy.

Welfare Surveys

The joint research project of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (KELA) and the Department of Social Policy at the University of Turku (nowadays the Department of Social Research) focuses on Finnish experiences and opinions on welfare, social policy and social security. The survey series studies respondents' (aged between 18 and 74) main economic activity, employment status, health, housing, experiences of unemployment, social benefits and income transfers received, financial circumstances, and standard of living on the whole.

Themes covered also include social relations, life events and life control. The surveys are comparable to a large extent. The surveys were carried out in 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2000.

Welfare and Services in Finland

A longitudinal survey studying the welfare and welfare service use of the Finnish people, conducted by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (and previously by STAKES). This panel survey uses telephone and face-to-face interviews and postal surveys to collect data which are then combined with existing register data. Data collection is carried out every two years, starting from the year 2004.

Young people as Actors in the New Era of Communication Technology 1997-2002

The data in the series studied the adoption and use of mobile phones in the lives of Finnish children, young people and families. There are over ten thousand pages of interview transcriptions. Interviewees were families, teenagers, young people, courting couples and teachers. In addition to mobile phone use, the interviews hold information about the everyday lives of Finns at the time.

Data collection started in 1997 and continued in three different projects, funded by Nokia Mobile Phones, Telecom Finland and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. In 2001, Information Society Research Centre (INSOC), Sonera Mobile Operations and Nokia Mobile Phone carried out a research project called 'Wireless Kids - International Research on Mobile Cultures of Adolescents'. The project explored the mobile communication of children aged under 13 and of teenagers aged 13 to 18, using media ethnographic methodology.

Individual datasets

Individual datasets contain those datasets that do not belong to any series.

Instructions

International Data Series

Finnish Data Series

Individual Datasets

updated 2014-07-24