Series Descriptions

International Data Series

Finnish Data Series

Individual Datasets

International Data Series

ESS (European Social Survey)

European Social Survey (ESS) is a biennial multi-country survey covering over 20 nations. The first round was fielded in 2002/2003. All participating countries are required to contribute to the central coordination costs of the ESS ERIC. In addition, each country participating in the ESS ERIC undertakes to cover the costs of fieldwork and national coordination. The Academy of Finland funds the project in Finland.

The interview data consist of a core module, which remains relatively constant from round to round, and two or three rotating modules, repeated at intervals. Additional data are collected through self-administered questionnaires. The core module monitors change and continuity in a wide range of social variables, including media use; social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations; governance and efficacy; social exclusion; well-being, health and security; moral, political and social values; national, ethnic and religious alliances; demographics and socio-economics.

For further information, see ESS Home Site.

EVS (European Values Study) and WVS (World Values Survey)

European Values Systems Study Group (EVSSG) carried out the first EVS surveys in several Western European countries in 1981. The World Values Surveys series was started when the original EVS study evoked such interest that it was replicated in 14 additional countries. EVS and WVS surveys have been carried out in several waves.

Structurally, the international surveys of the World Values Survey (WVS) series resemble the Eurobarometers and the ISSP surveys. Citizen activities, attitudes, and basic values in different countries are studied with integrated, structured surveys.

European Values Study group is responsible for the EVS data collection. The planning of the WVS has been carried out by the World Values Survey network.

Finland has participated in WVS from the very beginning with materials collected by Gallup Finland (Kantar TNS). WVS/EVS data are usually collected with face-to-face interviews. However, in 1990 and in 2009 (the fourth wave of EVS), the Finnish material was collected via GallupChannel.

ISSP (International Social Survey Programme)

ISSP is a continuous programme of cross-national collaboration on social science surveys. It is based on annual, internationally integrated surveys carried out in all participating countries. A self-financed consortium of various research institutions is in charge of the programme. The ISSP data collection started in 1985, and in Finland in 2000, along with the national membership.

The GESIS in Germany is responsible for archiving the ISSP data. Country-specific codebooks and questionnaires can be found on the GESIS ISSP web pages. ZACAT, the data portal of the GESIS, offers information on ISSP surveys, with online retrieval, analysis and download. Their Data Catalogue DBK allows retrieval and download of data and questionnaires. Both services are free of charge but downloading requires registration. The ZACAT registration is valid for DBK and vice versa.

In Finland, ISSP surveys are carried out in collaboration by three institutions: Finnish Social Science Data Archive, Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Tampere, and the Interview and Survey Services of Statistics Finland.

Finnish Data Series

Attitudes towards Corporal Punishment of Children in Finland

Central Union for Child Welfare has charted corporal punishment against children and the attitudes towards it in Finland since the 1980s. Survey questions in the archived datasets include parents' self-reported use of corporal punishment against children. The FSD collections cover data from 2004.

Barometers for Swedish-speaking Finns

The Barometers for Swedish-speaking Finns survey opinions, attitudes, habits and trends among the Swedish-speaking population of Finland. The first barometer was fielded in spring 2002 and the second in the autumn of the same year. After 2002 the barometer has been conducted once every year. The barometer is targeted at the Swedish-speaking population all over Finland and it also covers the Åland Islands.

Career and Employment Survey of Finnish University Graduates

The survey series consists of career follow-up studies of multidisciplinary Finnish universities. Each survey charts the career and employment situation of people with Bachelor's or Master's degrees five years after their graduation. Respondents are asked about their work history, current employment situation and satisfaction with their academic degree. The number of universities participating in the survey each year may vary. The surveys are conducted as part of national cooperation between Finnish universities and collected by the Aarresaari network of the Academic Career Services in Finland.

Child Victim Surveys

Child Victim Surveys chart violent experiences of children in Finland. These experiences have been surveyed since 1988, and the actual Child Victim Survey has been conducted by the Police University College (prev. Police College) from 2008 onwards. The surveys extensively study the experiences of sixth and ninth graders (people aged 12 and 15) both as victims and witnesses of violence.

Children and Youth Leisure Surveys

Children and Youth Leisure Surveys chart the leisure time of Finns aged 7-29. The series began life as Youth Leisure Surveys, but the target population was later expanded to also include children aged 7 or older.

The surveys primarily focus in life and activities occurring outside of school, work and other institutions. In addition to repeated questions, there is a changing main theme on each collection round.

Children's Media Barometers

Children's Media Barometers collect nationally comprehensive data on children's media use and their relationship to media. The survey has been conducted annually since the year 2010. Ages of the children in the target group have varied annually and included, for example, 0 - 8-year-olds, 7 - 11-year-olds, and 10 - 12-year-olds. Depending on the children's age group, the survey respondents have been either the children themselves or their parents. The survey has had different themes on different years, charting things such as significance of gender in media use and formation of media use in family interaction. The barometer has surveyed the use of various media, such as audiovisual programmes, Internet, digital games, radio and music as well as books, comics and magazines. The Barometers have been yearly funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture.

Church Monitors

The survey series, produced by the Church Research Institute, studies the religiosity and beliefs of continental Finns, and their relationship to the Evangelical Lutheran Chruch of Finland and other religious communities. Themes studied include supernatural phenomena, spirituality and morality, and the importance of different parish activities. The survey data have been collected as part of a separate, cross-national RISC Monitor study. The surveys are carried out by MDC RISC International and Gallup Finland (Kantar TNS). The FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.

City Service Surveys

City services have been studied since 1983. The surveys, conducted by the Association of Finnish Cities, and since 1993 by Efektia and Efeko (nowadays FCG Finnish Consulting Group), canvass citizens' attitudes towards municipal services and administration. The datasets are to a large extent comparable.

Community-based Mental Health Rehabilitation of Young Adults 2010-2012

The series contains qualitative data produced by the research project Client-centeredness in Community-based Mental Health Rehabilitation of Young Adults 2010-2012 . The research focused on outpatient rehabilitation courses for young adults with serious mental health problems. Data archived at FSD contain different kinds of interactions. Some interactions happened 'naturally', that is, they would have taken place anyway (rehabilitation or multiagency team meetings) while other interactions were arranged specifically for the research (client and staff interviews).

Consumer Habits and Lifestyle in Finland

The data in the series were collected in a project entitled The Welfare State: A Resource or a Constraint, which was part of the Academy of Finland programme Economic Crisis of the 1990s: Reasons, Events and Consequences (1998-2001). The data charted the everyday consumer habits and lifestyles of Finns and their attitudes towards different habits and lifestyles as well as their standard of living, income, expenses and savings. Postal surveys collected in 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 included both changing, topical questions and recurring questions that allow examining changes in attitudes in the longer term. Studies were mainly conducted by the units of sociology and economic sociology at the University of Turku and the Turku School of Economics.

Datasets of the Tampere Praksis Project

Tampere Praksis is a collaborative project of the City of Tampere, University of Tampere (School of Social Sciences and Humanities), Tampere University of Applied Sciences, and Pikassos, the Centre of Excellence on Social Welfare in the regions of Kanta-Häme, Pirkanmaa and Satakunta. The main goal of the project has been to establish a cooperative structure for social services development, and social work education and study, thus combining practice, learning and research for the mutual benefit of all. The project has focused, for instance, on modelling learning in practical work, developing social services through research, promoting working life orientation of teaching, and investigating the use of social media in communication. Data has been collected for various purposes and in varied modes.

Development Cooperation Surveys

Development Cooperation Surveys are commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and study citizens' opinions, attitudes and information needs connected with development cooperation. The data collection has been conducted by Taloustutkimus. The survey series was launched in 1997.

Diaconia Barometers

Diaconia Barometers map the opinions and experiences of the diaconal workers on topical themes related to diaconal work. Main themes include the contents, priorities, resources and partnerships of the diaconal work, as well as the job description of the diaconal workers.

The surveys have been conducted regularly since 1999. Barometers have been carried out by, among others, Diakonian tutkimuksen seura (Finnish Society for Diaconal Research), Diakoniatyöntekijöiden liitto DTL (Diaconal Workers' Association), and the Church Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. FSD collections cover data from 2009 onwards.

EVA Surveys on Finnish Values and Attitudes

Since 1984, the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) has conducted biennial surveys studying changes in Finnish attitudes, values, and perceptions of the present and the future. The series, formerly known as Finnish National Attitudes, aims at measuring and analysing citizens' views on Finnish society. The data allow a detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of change in public opinion. Each dataset contains both new themes and recurring themes with questions repeated over the years.

Themes covered include democracy, market economy, welfare, environment, society and politics, Finland's international position, economic depression, economic growth, Finnish identity, and views on the future. The surveys are funded by EVA and have usually been carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus. The FSD collections also include surveys on values and attitudes of corporate executives (for example, FSD1091), in which some of the questions presented in this series have been repeated.

Employment Surveys of Tampere University Graduates

The University of Tampere Career Services have regularly monitored the employment situation of the recently graduated. The studies focus on students' employment situation a year after graduation. Since 1994, those who have completed a master's degree have been surveyed in two stages depending on whether they graduated in spring or in autumn. Additionally, employment of bachelor graduates has been surveyed from the 2010 graduates onwards. Students who had completed their degree were sent the employment questionnaire approximately a year after they had graduated. Each dataset includes several questions about respondents' search for work and current employment situation. Background information covers respondent's gender and field of study. Employment surveys have also been conducted for University of Tampere postgraduates since 1996.

Energy Attitudes of the Finns 1983-2011

The survey series was launched in 1983 at the University of Tampere, and was initially financed by the energy company Imatran Voima (later known as the Fortum Corporation). Finnish public opinion on energy policy issues was studied by annual mail surveys. Comparative data allow detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of citizen perceptions, opinions, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes on these matters.

The surveys were carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus and jointly produced by the Fortum Corporation (Imatran Voima until 1998) and Teollisuuden Voima (TVO). The Finnish Energy Industries (ET) was responsible for publishing the results from 2004 onwards. The data collection for this series has been finished, but the same themes are studied in the Finnish Energy Attitudes series.

Eurostudent: Finnish Data

The Eurostudent project collates comparable data on the circumstances of students across Europe. The surveys chart the living conditions and studies of students in higher education as well as their international mobility. The project started in the 1990s and surveys have been carried out roughly every three years.

Family Barometers

The Family barometers series was launched by the Population Research Institute, a subdivision of the Finnish Family Federation, in 1996. The annual surveys revolve round family life, but each barometer has also its own theme. These have included assistance between different generations, sufficiency of public support and services, the division of domestic responsibilities, work-life balance, parenting, child-rearing, and children's pastimes and hobbies.

Finnish Attitudes to Rescue Services, Safety and Emergencies

The Department for Rescue Services of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior charts Finnish views on and knowledge of rescue and emergency services by regularly conducting the Finnish Attitudes to Rescue Services, Safety and Emergencies survey. The survey aims to collect information on views on safety, level of preparedness and the impact of information provided by rescue services. Data collection is conducted by TNS Gallup Finland (Kantar TNS). The data are collected by face-to-face interviews and are representative of the Finnish population aged 15 or over, excluding citizens living in the Åland Islands. Some thousand persons are interviewed in each survey.

Finnish Attitudes towards Alcohol

Finnish Attitudes towards Alcohol surveys, conducted every two years by SOSTE Finnish Federation for Social Affairs and Health, chart the opinions of Finns aged 15-79 on alcohol use and alcohol policy. Until 2010, the surveys were carried out by the Finnish Centre for Health and Welfare (Tekry ry). The first survey was conducted in 2006. Views have been studied on, among others, Finnish drinking culture, alcohol taxation, drink drive limits, alcohol advertising, and regulation of alcohol purchase and consumption. The data are collected by telephone interviews.

Finnish Attitudes towards Alcohol Control Policies

The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES), nowadays called the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) , has been conducting surveys on attitudes towards alcohol control policies in Finland. Survey questions have explored opinons on alcohol retail outlets, alcohol marketing and advertising and age limits for alcohol purchase, etc. Data collection has been carried out by Gallup Finland (currently TSN Gallup Finland). The FSD collections cover data from 1996.

Finnish EU Attitudes

The research series, launched by the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) in 1992, studies Finnish public opinion on EU integration. Views are probed on Finland's EU membership, the future and enlargement of the EU, European economic and fiscal policy, EMU, the European Parliament, Finnish security policy, EU subsidies and European integration as a whole. In addition, the surveys canvass citizen satisfaction with the availability of EU-related information, as well as with the way the Finnish Government and Parliament have handled EU issues.

Starting from 2001, the surveys also cover opinions on international issues in general. Background information includes age, gender, education, economic activity, occupational group and trade union membership. Respondents have been asked which party they would vote for if the parliamentary elections were held at the time of the study. The surveys are commissioned by EVA, and usually carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.

Finnish Energy Attitudes

The annual survey series, which began in 2012, explores the views, beliefs and opinions of Finns on energy policy and energy production.

The surveys are produced and the results published by The Finnish Energy Industries (ET). The surveys are conducted and the data collected by IROResearch. The same themes have previously been studied in Energy Attitudes of the Finns 1983-2011 with partly the same questions.

Finnish Gambling Surveys

The gambling surveys, commissioned by the Ministry of Social Health and Health, chart Finnish gambling behaviour, attitudes to gambling and problem gambling. The surveys use a modified South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Data are collected every four years.

Finnish Local Government 2004

The research programme Finnish Local Government 2004 is a joint programme launched by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, universities and research centres. It is funded by Finnish municipalities and the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. The project engages in a systematic and comparable analysis of the development of the municipal sector in 1995-2004. The 47 municipalities participating in the programme are representative of the Finnish local government sector.

The study programme comprises of 14 research modules. For most modules, data are collected through mail surveys. The data may be used for cross-sectional or time series analysis.

Finnish Local Government Barometers

The Foundation for Municipal Development conducts annual surveys covering opinions on local (municipal) democracy, local government, local economy and services. Respondents are generally local inhabitants, municipal managers and the chairpersons of municipal boards. The data enable comparison between the opinions of the inhabitants on the one hand, and the managers and chairpersons on the other. The surveys also study municipal managers' views on the policies of the Government of Finland and the functionality of local co-operation. The survey series was launched in 1992.

Finnish National Election Studies

Finnish National Election Studies are nationally representative surveys conducted in connection with parliamentary elections in Finland. Data have been collected by the Election Study Consortium from the year 2003 onwards. More information in the Finnish Election Study Portal.

The data, collected through face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires, allow study of changes in public opinion and democracy over time. Some modules are repeated but each study also contains questions on current issues. Main themes include political participation, political attitudes, candidate and party choice, voting, and election campaigning.

Finnish Opinions on Security Policy and National Defence

The Finnish Opinions on Security Policy and National Defence series includes all surveys conducted by the Advisory Board for Defence Information (ABDI). Their focus is on security policy, foreign policy and national defence. The FSD collections cover data from 1992. The surveys contain a set of core questions repeated over the years.

Finnish Science Barometers

Finnish Science Barometers study attitudes towards science and research. Topics cover usefulness, quality and ethics of science, benefits and risks of scientific and technological development, and world-view. The first barometer was conducted in 2001, after which data have been collected at three-year intervals. The surveys are commissioned by Tieteen tiedotus ry and carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.

Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study

The National Research Institute of Legal Policy, now called the Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy, launched a long-term research project in spring 1995 to study young people's criminal and forbidden activities. In the FSRD surveys, information has been gathered with the self-report method: the participants, 9th grade students from different parts of Finland, have answered anonymously to questions about their own criminal or forbidden activities.

Finnish Voter Barometers

The Finnish Voter Barometer surveys are commissioned by the major parties in the Parliament. In election years, other sponsors have also been involved. Up till 1988, the surveys were planned by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd) and the Department of Political and Economic Studies at the University of Helsinki, in collaboration with the political parties. After 1988, the planning has been in the hands of Gallup Finland and the parties.

From 1973 to 1990, the annual voter barometers were collected mainly with face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires, 1000-2000 interviews/barometer. Since 1991, the data have been collected with GallupChannel (PC's installed in respondents' homes). No surveys were conducted in 1985 and 1989.

Survey themes include voting behaviour, opinions on the government and the parties, and attitudes towards national political issues. In addition, respondents' economic expectations and political participation have often been studied, as well as their opinions on local politics, and the significance of the party leader to a party. Background variables have often included the social class of the respondent and the household head, economic activity of the household head, respondent's education, age, mother tongue, gender, party membership, political views, trade union membership, and family's annual income. There are also regional variables. Even though the variables are not always fully comparable from one survey to another, all kinds of comparisons over time are possible. The FSD collections cover data from 1973.

Finnish Working Life Barometers

Finnish Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. The survey series was launched in 1992 and is conducted by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. Main themes include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland.

Finnish Working Life Barometers: Local Government Employees

The data in the series have been collected as part of the Finnish Working Life Barometers which cover employees in all sectors, using the same questionnaire. This series covers employees in the local government sector only, containing an oversample of the target population. The questions used are the same as for the main survey. The series is commissioned by the Centre for Occupational Safety and its Local Government Sector Group. The surveys conducted 1994-2011.

Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. Main topics include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. This series allows longitudinal study on changes in the working conditions of municipal employees.

Finnish Youth Surveys

Advisory Council for Youth Affairs (Nuora), nowadays called the State Youth Council, started to produce Youth Surveys in 1994. This survey series charts attitudes and expectations of Finnish young people aged 15 - 29. Each survey contains both current questions and recurring questions which are repeated over time, enabling the study of long-term attitude changes. The main themes include attitudes to education, working life, social security, spending, drug use, and young people's willingness to participate in order to influence decision-making.

Follow-ups on Finnish National and Local Elections (GallupChannel)

Gallup Finland has been collecting follow-up data on Finnish public elections, using its computerised GallupChannel Data Collection System. The surveys, led by Tom Moring and Juhani Pehkonen, have studied voting behaviour, political party and candidate choice, and what kind of influence the media, information sources, election campaigns and advertising have had on people's voting decisions.

Gallup Ecclesiastica

The survey series, commissioned by the Church Research Institute, studies Finnish religiosity and values, participation in the activities of the Evangelical Lutheran Church and relationship to the church. Data are collected every four years. FSD collections include data from the year 1995 onwards.

Health Promotion Barometers

Health Promotion Barometers, formerly called Health Barometers, chart the views of municipal and organisational decision makers on the present state and the future of health promotion. In addition, the surveys investigate the respondents' attitudes towards current health issues from the administrative point of view. The surveys conducted annually 1992-2011 by the Finnish Centre for Health Promotion (nowadays SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health).

Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS)

Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development was initiated as Lea Pulkkinen's doctoral dissertation in 1968. Since then, the study has continued to follow the same individuals for over 40 years. When the project was launched, 369 eight-year-old children participated in the research. They were randomly selected among second-graders in primary school. After the first research, data have been collected when the respondents have been 14, 20, 27, 33, 36, 42, and 50 years old. The latest data collection took place in 2009.

When the respondents were still in school, the principal methods of data collection were teacher ratings and peer nominations on the pupils' social behaviour. In adulthood, the data collection methods have mostly been interviews and questionnaires. At the ages of 42 and 50, the respondents also participated in medical examinations and laboratory tests. The research themes have included socioemotional development and personality, education and career, family of origin and one's own family, health behaviour and health, and social adjustment. The measures used in the JYLS studies are presented in the methods table.

The number of participants has been high during the whole project: each round of data collection has yielded a response rate of 70% or more among the original sample. The sample has been proven to be representative of its age group in terms of family relations, education, occupational status, and unemployment.

The Academy of Finland has been the main source of funding since 1986. In addition, the Finnish Cultural Foundation funded the project in 1986. The research was conducted by university students and officials at the University of Jyväskylä up to 1986. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS) was one of the three major longitudinal studies included in the Human Development and Its Risk Factors Programme, which was approved as the Centre of Excellence for the years 1997-1999 and 2000-2005 by the Academy of Finland and the Ministry of Education. In 2009, the data collection was financed by the Academy of Finland's funding granted to Lea Pulkkinen (decision no. 127125) and Katja Kokko (decision no. 118316). The project is located at the Gerontology Research Center at the University of Jyväskylä and led by Docent and Research Director Katja Kokko.

National User Surveys of Finnish Libraries

The national user surveys of Finnish libraries collect information on the use of library services, customer satisfaction and the effectiveness of services. The surveys are aimed at the end users of public, university and special libraries and have been conducted as online surveys. The identical questionnaires used in the surveys enable the comparison within and between the library sectors, as well as the examination of trends.

New Students in Universities: First Impressions

Nyyti ry is a Finnish non-profit organisation supporting student wellbeing. The organisation has since 2011 conducted surveys among university students, focusing on their experiences and feelings during the first phase of their studies. Questions cover transfer to a new location and place of study, everyday life there, start of studies and support received, student organisation and tutor activities, and the role of alcohol in student life.

Police Barometers

Police Barometers are conducted by the Police Department of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior and since 2016 by the Police University College. The surveys chart Finnish respondents' (aged over 15) attitudes towards the role, activities, and services of the police. Citizens' fears, crime risk, and opinions on national security are also covered. FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.

Power Structures Surveys

The Power Structures Surveys examine the power elite in Finland. The respondents represent the following sectors of society: politics, administration, business life, organisations, mass media, science, and culture. The studies focus on institutional leadership positions and roles in the various sectors, not on the persons as such. The themes of the study include career, internationalisation, interaction, influence, and childhood home.

Public Procurement Notices

Public procurement notices data contain the announcements published in HILMA, an electronic forum for publishing contract notices, maintained by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland. Public contracts are supply, service or public works contracts into which the state, municipalities or federations of municipalities, state enterprises and other contracting authorities, as defined in the procurement legislation, enter with external suppliers. Contracting authorities are required to publish the contracts exceeding a threshold value in the HILMA database. FSD collections contain data beginning from the year 2007.

Register Data on Vacancies Notified to Public Employment Service

The data series contains register information on the vacancies notified to the Public Employment Service in Finland. Information is provided on open vacancies, employers reporting them and the process of filling the vacancies. Regional variables as well as variables connected to the time frames of the recruitment process have been added to the data. The series also contains data on employment, unemployment and labour market policy measures aiming to enhance employment.

The Ministry of Employment and the Economy produces new datasets each year.

Religion and Religiousness in Russia

Religion and religiousness in Russia is a research series carried out by the Academy of Finland and the Russian Academy of Sciences. In Russia, the data were collected by Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij (Institute for Comparative Social Research), and in Finland by the Research Institute of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The surveys were carried out in 1991, 1993, 1996 and 1999, and are included in the FSD collections.

Responses to Union of Freethinkers Candidate Selector for Finnish Parliamentary Elections

The Union of Freethinkers of Finland collects opinions of parliamentary elections candidates through its online candidate selector. Data collection started in 2007. The selector is made available every four years during parliamentary elections campaigning and voting. Candidates answer questions which focus on the status and teaching of religion in primary and lower secondary schools, and the status of the church in Finnish society, including taxation rights and the right to organise burial services and weddings. Other users can answer the same questions in the selector interface, and can search and filter candidate responses.

Rural Finland

The first two Rural Finland barometers were conducted as part of the Landmarks Programme (2010-2012) of the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra. The barometers provide information on the relationship of the Finns to the countryside and on their ideas for its future. Respondents are Finnish citizens, business managers, public sector decision-makers, media representatives, and countryside experts.

Longitudinal comparison is possible for the variables whose labels have remained the same over the years. It is also possible to compare the responses given by different respondent groups.

School Well-being Profile

In this survey series, well-being at school is under observation. The respondents belong to four target groups: primary schools (grades 4-6), lower secondary schools (grades 7-9), upper secondary institutions, and personnel. The data are collected during each school year, and schools can independently decide in what time of the year they respond to the survey. The first datasets archived at the FSD are from the school year 2004-2005.

The School Well-being Profile is based on Anne Konu's doctoral dissertation, in which well-being at school is divided into four categories: school conditions, social relationships in school, means for self-fulfilment in school, and health status. The quantitative datasets in the series examine these categories with the help of statements and multiple choice questions. The topics in the survey are the same to all respondents, but the wording of the questions has been specifically adjusted for each target group. The data are collected through an Internet survey on the web page of the Finnish National Board of Education.


Sociobarometers, compiled by SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health (previously the Finnish Federation for Social Welfare and Health), have been carried out annually since 1991. Various service providers (e.g. local social services, health care centres, employment offices, Social Insurance Institution authorities) evaluate the state of services and changes in welfare of citizens. Some current social policy themes are also included. The FSD collections cover data from 1994.

Sport Surveys

Sport Surveys study sporting activities and exercise habits and trends in Finland. The surveys were carried out every four years from 1994 to 2010 separately for adult population aged 19 - 65 and for younger persons aged 3 - 18. Topics covered include to what extent and how often Finns take part in sporting or recreational physical activities, what types of sport they do, the role of sports organisations, and willingness to try out new sports. Some questions focus on voluntary work carried out for sports clubs and other organisations, participation in sports events and competitions, and sport spectatorship. In this respect, the scope of the study is extended from exercising habits to citizen participation in sports.

As Finland has four distinct seasons, the data were collected year round to ensure that all types of sport are equally included. Data collection was carried out by Gallup Finland. The surveys were commissioned by, among others, the Finnish Sports Federation (SLU) and the Young Finland Association in co-operation with the Ministry of Education and Culture.

Student Experience Surveys for Bachelor Graduates

Student Experience Survey is a national feedback survey for students, which collects information on students' experiences of studying in Finnish universities. The surveys are targeted at students who have completed a Bachelor's degree or three years of studies in a field where Bachelor's degrees are not awarded. The survey charts progress in studies, satisfaction with the university, social relationships as well as sense of community and well-being as factors of success in studies. The survey has been collected since 2013. In addition to questions common for all respondents, universities are able to ask university-specific questions.

Substance Abuse Treatment

The series contains data suitable for qualitative and quantitative research. Data were collected from staff and clients at A-clinics and other institutions treating people with substance abuse problems.

Main topics included substance use background of clients and their experiences of substance abuse treatment, staff background, their career choice, treatment methods used etc.

Tampere Health and Social Surveys

The Department of Social Services and Health Care in the City of Tampere and the UKK Institute launched this joint research project in 1990. Tampere Health and Social Surveys cover the health of the citizens in Tampere and the use of social and health services. The surveys were carried out in a relatively similar manner every three years from 1990 to 2008. The archive contains the surveys from 1996 onwards. Most of the questions are repeated in all surveys, which allows the datasets to be compared over time.

University Student Health Surveys

The survey series charts the physical, mental and social health of undergraduate students of higher education institutions in Finland. Other main themes include health-related behaviour and associated attitudes, social relationships, studies and financing studies, opinions on and the use of student health services. In addition to core questions, each survey contains questions on particular themes. Surveys are conducted by the Finnish Student Health Service (FSHS) at four-year intervals. Data collection began in the year 2000.

University of Tampere Student Surveys

The University of Tampere has conducted student experience surveys annually since 2004. The surveys gather information on progress in, satisfaction and problems with studies. They contain both repeated and changing modules. Student feedback is used to improve the quality of courses. From 2006 onwards, the surveys have been directed to second, third and fifth year students. Second year student data cover the respondents' attachment to the university, what it had been like to start studying their course and factors supporting or hampering these processes. Third and fifth year student data focus on study progress, work, completing the course and future plans.

Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption in Finland

This survey series charts Finnish alcohol consumption, concentrating on consumption not recorded in statistics. The surveys investigate the use of home-made, smuggled, and privately imported alcoholic beverages, and the use of pure alcohol. At first, the surveys were carried out by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies, which was annexed to the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) (nowadays the National Institute for Health and Welfare ) in 1996. The FSD collections cover data from 1995.

Use of Electronic Library Resources

During the years 1998-2011, the Finnish National Electronic Library (FinELib) carried out several surveys directed to the users of electronic resources in Finnish university, polytechnic, research institute, and public and special libraries. Users were asked how they used e-resources, what kind of e-resources they needed, how satisfied they were with the resources and what kind of development ideas they had for the service.

Use of Online Services and Information Technology in Tampere

This survey series forms part of the Infocity programme, which itself was a sub-programme of the eTampere programme (2001-2005). The Infocity programme aimed at promoting and developing online services for the citizens of Tampere (Finland). The surveys chart respondents' (aged between 15 and 74) use of information technology, the Internet and online services in Tampere. The surveys were carried out every year from 2000 to 2005 by Taloustutkimus.

Vitality 90+

Vitality 90+ is a multidisciplinary research project initiated by Antti Hervonen and Marja Jylhä in 1995. The project focuses on people aged 90 and over residing in Tampere. The project is motivated by rapid changes in the population structure and the increase in longevity. Central research themes in the project include trends in health and functioning, services and informal care, circumstances and subjective experiences of the long-lived, and biology of aging and longevity.

Several kinds of data have been collected with different methods, such as longitudinal mail surveys, health interviews, performance tests, blood samples, life story interviews and register data. The FSD holdings contain longitudinal mail surveys from 1995 onwards. For detailed description of the research project including recent publications, see Gerontology Research Center (GEREC).

Welfare Surveys

The joint research project of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (KELA) and the Department of Social Policy at the University of Turku (nowadays the Department of Social Research) focuses on Finnish experiences and opinions on welfare, social policy and social security. The survey series studies respondents' (aged between 18 and 74) main economic activity, employment status, health, housing, experiences of unemployment, social benefits and income transfers received, financial circumstances, and standard of living on the whole.

Themes covered also include social relations, life events and life control. The surveys are comparable to a large extent. The surveys were carried out in 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2000.

Welfare and Services in Finland

A longitudinal survey studying the welfare and welfare service use of the Finnish people, conducted by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (and previously by STAKES). This panel survey uses telephone and face-to-face interviews and postal surveys to collect data which are then combined with existing register data. Data collection is carried out every two years, starting from the year 2004.

Young people as Actors in the New Era of Communication Technology 1997-2002

The data in the series studied the adoption and use of mobile phones in the lives of Finnish children, young people and families. There are over ten thousand pages of interview transcriptions. Interviewees were families, teenagers, young people, courting couples and teachers. In addition to mobile phone use, the interviews hold information about the everyday lives of Finns at the time.

Data collection started in 1997 and continued in three different projects, funded by Nokia Mobile Phones, Telecom Finland and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. In 2001, Information Society Research Centre (INSOC), Sonera Mobile Operations and Nokia Mobile Phone carried out a research project called 'Wireless Kids - International Research on Mobile Cultures of Adolescents'. The project explored the mobile communication of children aged under 13 and of teenagers aged 13 to 18, using media ethnographic methodology.

Youth Barometers of Eastern Finland

Youth Barometers of Eastern Finland chart the well-being, values and attitudes of young people aged 15-25. The themes studied include education, housing, work, internationalism and the use of services. The surveys have been conducted by the Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences since 2010.

Individual datasets

Individual datasets that do not belong to any series.