Start

FSD study number

Numeric

FSD edition number

Numeric

FSD processing level

1
A (see codebook)
2
B (see codebook)
3
C (dataset has not been checked at FSD)

FSD case id

Numeric

Face-to-face interview number

Numeric

Interviewer id

Numeric

Interviewer gender

1
Male
2
Female

Date of the interview: month

Numeric

Date of the interview: day

Numeric

How interested are you in politics?

1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not at all interested
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television debates and party leader interviews

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television news and current affairs programmes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Radio programmes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Newspaper articles

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Web news covering elections

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Web sites of the candidates and political parties

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Online diaries and blogs

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Candidate selectors on the Internet

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Newspaper advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

How stable is your political party identification?

1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Which of the following groups would you say you belong to?

1
Finns in general
2
Finnish-speaking Finns
3
Swedish-speaking Finns
4
Other ethnic or linguistic group
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Which social class would you say you belong to?

1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
No class
7
Can't say

How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?

1
Have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Have voted for candidates of two or three different parties
3
Have voted for candidates of four or more parties
4
Have never voted
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Parliamentary elections in 2003

1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? European parliament elections in 2004

1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Municipal elections (local elections) in 2004

1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Presidential elections in 2006, first round

1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Presidential elections in 2006, second round

1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I think voting is a civic duty

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is people's own business whether they want to use their right to vote or not

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important national issues should more often be decided in a referendum

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? To support representative democracy, public debates on policy issues should be organised for ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I myself would like to attend public debates organised for ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important to me that my party has a real chance of getting a candidate elected to Parliament in my constituency

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important to me that my candidate has a real chance of getting elected to Parliament

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The MPs of my constituency do not have enough say in what the Government and Parliament decide

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Electoral alliances should not be allowed in parliamentary elections

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Write a letter to the editor

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Contact political decision-makers on an issue

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Sign a petition

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Involve myself in the activities of a political party

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Involve myself in the activities of some other voluntary/civic organisation

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Try to enhance environmental protection through my consumer choices

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Try to influence political or social issues through my consumer choices

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Join a consumer boycott

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Participate in peaceful demonstrations

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Demonstrate civil disobedience by participating in illegal, non-violent activities

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Participate in the kind of demonstrations that have previously involved violence

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Use violence to reach political goals

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Sign a petition

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Contact political decision-makers

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Discuss politics

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Discuss other issues

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say

How often do you use the Internet?

1
Daily
2
A few times a week
3
About once a week
4
Occasionally
5
Not at all

Are you at present or have you ever been an elected official in a municipal body?

1
Yes, at present
2
Not at present but have been previously
3
No, have never been
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

Are you a member of any political party?

1
Yes
2
No but have been previously
3
Have never been a member of any party

Have you ever participated in the work of the support group of a candidate in parliamentary elections?

1
Yes, in these elections
2
Not in these elections but have previously
3
No, never

What kind of goals should members of parliament primarily promote?

1
Goals set by their own party
2
Goals they themselves see as most important
3
Goals important to their constituency
4
Goals of their voters
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

What kind of goals should members of parliament secondarily promote?

1
Goals set by their own party
2
Goals they themselves see as most important
3
Goals important to their constituency
4
Goals of their voters
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Voting is the only way in which ordinary people can have a say about how things are run

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Those elected to Parliament soon lose touch with problems of ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Politicians are not interested in the opinions of ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the government and parliament decide

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Through political parties, citizens' opinions will be taken into consideration in decision-making

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political parties are only interested in people's votes, not in their opinions

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I can't really understand what is going on

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? By voting people can have a say in how things are run

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the government, policy decisions will be the same

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Electoral alliances between parties are good because they make it easier for small parties to reach parliament

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The coalition government should consist of either right-wing or left-wing parties

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties should have announced clearly during the election campaign which parties they are willing to form a coalition government with

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Personalisation of politics is mainly a good thing

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -1 (Classified)

Numeric

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -2 (Classified)

Numeric

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -3 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -4 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -5 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -6 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -7 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election? -1 (Classified)

Numeric

What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election? -2 (Classified)

Numeric

What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election? -3 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What has been the second most important issue to you personally in this election? -4 (Classified)

1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What do you think is the most important political problem facing Finland today? -1 (Classified)

Numeric

What do you think is the most important political problem facing Finland today? -2 (Classified)

Numeric

What do you think is the most important political problem facing Finland today? -3 (Classified)

1
Foreign and security policy, international relations, development aid
2
Europe policy, the EU
3
NATO membership
4
Peace
5
Functioning of democracy, democracy
6
Politicians' actions/competence/impeccability
7
Economic development, economic globalization
8
Employment, unemployment
9
Status of entrepreneurs, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
10
Health care, general
12
Education and know-how
13
Poverty, low income issues, inequality, social exclusion
14
Housing situation, homelessness, housing prices
15
Equality
16
Taxation and national economy
17
Status of municipalities, municipal economy
18
Regional policy, regional development, regional inequality
19
Nature conservation, environmental issues, ecological lifestyle
20
Elderly issues, care of the elderly
21
Youth issues
22
Issues of families with children
24
Single parent issues
25
Employee issues, subsistence
26
Agriculture, agricultural issues
27
Criminality, insecurity, the preservation of law and order
28
Selfishness, values, the lack or preservation of morals
29
Immigrants, foreigner issues, multiculturality: positive attitude
30
Nuclear power
32
Alcohol, drugs, other intoxicants
34
Independence
35
Social security, the conservation of welfare, the support for special groups
36
Welfare services and securing of services in general
37
Shortage of nurses, nurse salaries, the shortage of doctors
38
Pensioner issues/pensions
39
Status of young people and students
40
Special issues of employment opportunities and workplaces (e.g. age racism, burn out, insecurity)
41
Retirement, baby boomers, aging
42
Enery policy, energy prices
43
Correct allocation of political decisions
44
Climate change, natural disasters
45
Immigrants/refugees: neutral attitude
46
Immigrants/refugees: negative attitude
49
Some other issue
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What do you think is the most important political problem facing Finland today? -4 (Classified)

1
Foreign and security policy, international relations, development aid
2
Europe policy, the EU
3
NATO membership
4
Peace
5
Functioning of democracy, democracy
6
Politicians' actions/competence/impeccability
7
Economic development, economic globalization
8
Employment, unemployment
9
Status of entrepreneurs, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
10
Health care, general
12
Education and know-how
13
Poverty, low income issues, inequality, social exclusion
14
Housing situation, homelessness, housing prices
15
Equality
16
Taxation and national economy
17
Status of municipalities, municipal economy
18
Regional policy, regional development, regional inequality
19
Nature conservation, environmental issues, ecological lifestyle
20
Elderly issues, care of the elderly
21
Youth issues
22
Issues of families with children
24
Single parent issues
25
Employee issues, subsistence
26
Agriculture, agricultural issues
27
Criminality, insecurity, the preservation of law and order
28
Selfishness, values, the lack or preservation of morals
29
Immigrants, foreigner issues, multiculturality: positive attitude
30
Nuclear power
32
Alcohol, drugs, other intoxicants
34
Independence
35
Social security, the conservation of welfare, the support for special groups
36
Welfare services and securing of services in general
37
Shortage of nurses, nurse salaries, the shortage of doctors
38
Pensioner issues/pensions
39
Status of young people and students
40
Special issues of employment opportunities and workplaces (e.g. age racism, burn out, insecurity)
41
Retirement, baby boomers, aging
42
Enery policy, energy prices
43
Correct allocation of political decisions
44
Climate change, natural disasters
45
Immigrants/refugees: neutral attitude
46
Immigrants/refugees: negative attitude
49
Some other issue
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What do you think is the most important political problem facing Finland today? -5 (Classified)

1
Foreign and security policy, international relations, development aid
2
Europe policy, the EU
3
NATO membership
4
Peace
5
Functioning of democracy, democracy
6
Politicians' actions/competence/impeccability
7
Economic development, economic globalization
8
Employment, unemployment
9
Status of entrepreneurs, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
10
Health care, general
12
Education and know-how
13
Poverty, low income issues, inequality, social exclusion
14
Housing situation, homelessness, housing prices
15
Equality
16
Taxation and national economy
17
Status of municipalities, municipal economy
18
Regional policy, regional development, regional inequality
19
Nature conservation, environmental issues, ecological lifestyle
20
Elderly issues, care of the elderly
21
Youth issues
22
Issues of families with children
24
Single parent issues
25
Employee issues, subsistence
26
Agriculture, agricultural issues
27
Criminality, insecurity, the preservation of law and order
28
Selfishness, values, the lack or preservation of morals
29
Immigrants, foreigner issues, multiculturality: positive attitude
30
Nuclear power
32
Alcohol, drugs, other intoxicants
34
Independence
35
Social security, the conservation of welfare, the support for special groups
36
Welfare services and securing of services in general
37
Shortage of nurses, nurse salaries, the shortage of doctors
38
Pensioner issues/pensions
39
Status of young people and students
40
Special issues of employment opportunities and workplaces (e.g. age racism, burn out, insecurity)
41
Retirement, baby boomers, aging
42
Enery policy, energy prices
43
Correct allocation of political decisions
44
Climate change, natural disasters
45
Immigrants/refugees: neutral attitude
46
Immigrants/refugees: negative attitude
49
Some other issue
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What do you think is the second most important political problem facing Finland today? -1 (Classified)

Numeric

What do you think is the second most important political problem facing Finland today? -2 (Classified)

Numeric

What do you think is the second most important political problem facing Finland today? -3 (Classified)

1
Foreign and security policy, international relations, development aid
2
Europe policy, the EU
3
NATO membership
4
Peace
5
Functioning of democracy, democracy
6
Politicians' actions/competence/impeccability
7
Economic development, economic globalization
8
Employment, unemployment
9
Status of entrepreneurs, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
10
Health care, general
12
Education and know-how
13
Poverty, low income issues, inequality, social exclusion
14
Housing situation, homelessness, housing prices
15
Equality
16
Taxation and national economy
17
Status of municipalities, municipal economy
18
Regional policy, regional development, regional inequality
19
Nature conservation, environmental issues, ecological lifestyle
20
Elderly issues, care of the elderly
21
Youth issues
22
Issues of families with children
24
Single parent issues
25
Employee issues, subsistence
26
Agriculture, agricultural issues
27
Criminality, insecurity, the preservation of law and order
28
Selfishness, values, the lack or preservation of morals
29
Immigrants, foreigner issues, multiculturality: positive attitude
30
Nuclear power
32
Alcohol, drugs, other intoxicants
34
Independence
35
Social security, the conservation of welfare, the support for special groups
36
Welfare services and securing of services in general
37
Shortage of nurses, nurse salaries, the shortage of doctors
38
Pensioner issues/pensions
39
Status of young people and students
40
Special issues of employment opportunities and workplaces (e.g. age racism, burn out, insecurity)
41
Retirement, baby boomers, aging
42
Enery policy, energy prices
43
Correct allocation of political decisions
44
Climate change, natural disasters
45
Immigrants/refugees: neutral attitude
46
Immigrants/refugees: negative attitude
49
Some other issue
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

What do you think is the second most important political problem facing Finland today? -4 (Classified)

1
Foreign and security policy, international relations, development aid
2
Europe policy, the EU
3
NATO membership
4
Peace
5
Functioning of democracy, democracy
6
Politicians' actions/competence/impeccability
7
Economic development, economic globalization
8
Employment, unemployment
9
Status of entrepreneurs, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
10
Health care, general
12
Education and know-how
13
Poverty, low income issues, inequality, social exclusion
14
Housing situation, homelessness, housing prices
15
Equality
16
Taxation and national economy
17
Status of municipalities, municipal economy
18
Regional policy, regional development, regional inequality
19
Nature conservation, environmental issues, ecological lifestyle
20
Elderly issues, care of the elderly
21
Youth issues
22
Issues of families with children
24
Single parent issues
25
Employee issues, subsistence
26
Agriculture, agricultural issues
27
Criminality, insecurity, the preservation of law and order
28
Selfishness, values, the lack or preservation of morals
29
Immigrants, foreigner issues, multiculturality: positive attitude
30
Nuclear power
32
Alcohol, drugs, other intoxicants
34
Independence
35
Social security, the conservation of welfare, the support for special groups
36
Welfare services and securing of services in general
37
Shortage of nurses, nurse salaries, the shortage of doctors
38
Pensioner issues/pensions
39
Status of young people and students
40
Special issues of employment opportunities and workplaces (e.g. age racism, burn out, insecurity)
41
Retirement, baby boomers, aging
42
Enery policy, energy prices
43
Correct allocation of political decisions
44
Climate change, natural disasters
45
Immigrants/refugees: neutral attitude
46
Immigrants/refugees: negative attitude
49
Some other issue
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS

Thinking of the most important political problem facing Finland, which political party do you think is best in dealing with it?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Thinking of the second most important political problem facing Finland, which political party do you think is best in dealing with it?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. How much difference would you say it makes?

1
It doesn't make any difference who is in power
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
It makes a big difference who is in power
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. What would you say?

1
Who people vote for won't make any difference
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
Who people vote for can make a big difference
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS))
9
Missing

Thinking about the general performance of the government under Matti Vanhanen over the past four years, how good or bad a job has it done?

1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Would you say that any of the parties in Finland represent your views reasonably well?

1
Yes
2
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Which party represents your views best?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
Cast an invalid ballot
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say any of the individual party leaders represent your views reasonably well?

1
Yes
2
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Which party leader represents your views best?

1
Centre Party of Finland (Matti Vanhanen)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (Eero Heinäluoma)
3
National Coalition Party (Jyrki Katainen)
4
Left Alliance (Martti Korhonen)
5
Green League (Tarja Cronberg)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (Stefan Wallin)
7
Christian Democrats (Päivi Räsänen)
8
True Finns (Timo Soini)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party (Juhani Tanski)
10
The Independence Party (Antti Pesonen)
11
Liberals (Ilkka Innamaa)
12
Forces for Change In Finland (Reijo Katajaranta)
13
For the Poor (Terttu Savola)
14
Joint Responsibility Party (Taisto Vaetoja)
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement (Matti Järviharju)
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites (Olavi Mäenpää)
17
The Communist Party of Finland (Yrjö Hakanen)
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party (Esko A. Repo)
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party (Hannu Harju)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. National Coalition Party (KOK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Left Alliance (VAS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Green League (VIHR)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Christian Democrats (KD)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. True Finns (PS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Matti Vanhanen (KESK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Eero Heinäluoma (SDP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Jyrki Katainen (KOK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Martti Korhonen (VAS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Tarja Cronberg (VIHR)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Stefan Wallin (RKP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Päivi Räsänen (KD)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

How do you feel about the leaders of political parties? Place each party leader on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party leader at all, and 10 is that you like the party leader very much. Timo Soini (PS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know enough about/don't know where to rate
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? National Coalition Party (KOK)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? ULeft Alliance (VAS)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Green League (VIHR)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Christian Democrats (KD)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? True Finns (PS)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEUOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Using the same scale, where would you place? Matti Vanhanen (KESK)

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party leader (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Using the same scale, where would you place? Eero Heinäluoma (SDP)?

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party leader (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Using the same scale, where would you place? Jyrki Katainen (KOK)?

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEOUS)
96
Haven't heard of the party leader (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Using the same scale, where would you place? Yourself

0
Left
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
Right
95
Have never heard of the left-right scale (SPONTANEOUS)
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Don't know where to place (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

During the election campaign, would you say that there were differences between parties?

1
There were major differences
2
There were minor differences
3
There were no differences at all
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

How closely did you follow the election campaigning?

1
Very closely
2
Fairly closely
3
Not very closely
4
Not closely at all
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

How satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Finland?

1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Not very satisfied
4
Not at all satisfied
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Do you think of yourself as close to any particular party?

1
Yes
5
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Do you feel yourself a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?

1
Yes
5
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party do you feel closest to?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?

1
Very close
2
Somewhat close
3
Not very close
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Nowadays a lot of people do not vote in elections for some reason or other. Did you vote or not in these parliamentary elections? If you did vote, did you vote in advance or on the election day?

1
Didn't vote this time
2
Voted in advance (early voting before election day)
3
Voted on the election day
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? National Coalition Party (KOK)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Left Alliance (VAS)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Green League (VIHR)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Christian Democrats (KD)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? True Finns (PS)

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Finnish Workers' Party

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? For the Poor

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Joint Responsibility Party

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Finnish Patriotic Movement

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Finnish People's Blue-Whites

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? Finnish Senior Citizens' Party

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

IF DID NOT VOTE If you had voted, the candidate of which political party or group would you have voted for? None of these parties, can't say, missing

You can choose several

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) The candidate of which party (or political group) did you vote for in these parliamentary elections?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
Cast an invalid ballot
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing

Did you consider voting for a candidate of any other party or group?

1
Yes
5
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Which party/parties Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties National Coalition Party (KOK)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Left Alliance (VAS)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Green League (VIHR)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Christian Democrats (KD)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties True Finns (PS)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Finnish Workers' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Independence Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Liberals

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Forces for Change in Finland

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties For the Poor

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Joint Responsibility Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Finnish Patriotic Movement

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Finnish People's Blue-Whites

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Communist Party of Finland

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties Finnish Senior Citizens' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties None of these parties, can't say, missing

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

And were there any parties (or groups) that you would never vote for?

1
Yes
5
No
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

Which party/parties or group(s)? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? National Coalition Party (KOK)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Left Alliance (VAS)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Green League (VIHR)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Christian Democrats (KD)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? True Finns (PS)

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Finnish Workers' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Independence Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Liberals

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Forces for Change in Finland

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? For the Poor

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Joint Responsibility Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Finnish Patriotic Movement

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Finnish People's Blue-Whites

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Communist Party of Finland

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? Finnish Senior Citizens' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Which party/parties or group(s)? None of these parties, can't say, missing

multiple-choice possible

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
None of the parties
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
SYSMISS

Did you vote four years ago, in the 2003 parliamentary elections?

1
Yes
5
No
6
No right to vote (no franchise)
7
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
8
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
9
Missing

(IF YES) The candidate of which political party or group did you vote for?

1
KESK (Centre Party of Finland)
2
SDP (Social Democratic Party of Finland)
3
KOK (National Coalition Party)
4
VAS (Left Alliance)
5
VIHR (Green League)
6
RKP (Swedish People's Party in Finland)
7
KD (Christian Democrats in Finland)
8
PS (True Finns)
9
The Finnish Workers' Party
10
The Independence Party
11
Liberals
12
Forces for Change in Finland
13
For the Poor
14
Joint Responsibility Party
15
The Finnish Patriotic Movement
16
Finnish People's Blue-Whites
17
The Communist Party of Finland
18
Finnish Senior Citizens' Party
19
For Peace and Socialism-Communist Workers' Party
96
Cast an invalid ballot
97
Refused to say (SPONTANEOUS)
98
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
99
Missing
End
FSD study number
Numeric
FSD edition number
Numeric
FSD processing level
1
A (see codebook)
2
B (see codebook)
3
C (dataset has not been checked at FSD)
FSD case id
Numeric
Face-to-face interview number
Numeric
Interviewer id
Numeric
Interviewer gender
1
Male
2
Female
Date of the interview: month
Numeric
Date of the interview: day
Numeric
How interested are you in politics?
1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not at all interested
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television debates and party leader interviews
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television news and current affairs programmes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Radio programmes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Newspaper articles
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Web news covering elections
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Web sites of the candidates and political parties
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Online diaries and blogs
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Candidate selectors on the Internet
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Television advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? Newspaper advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
How stable is your political party identification?
1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Which of the following groups would you say you belong to?
1
Finns in general
2
Finnish-speaking Finns
3
Swedish-speaking Finns
4
Other ethnic or linguistic group
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Which social class would you say you belong to?
1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
No class
7
Can't say
How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?
1
Have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Have voted for candidates of two or three different parties
3
Have voted for candidates of four or more parties
4
Have never voted
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Parliamentary elections in 2003
1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? European parliament elections in 2004
1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Municipal elections (local elections) in 2004
1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Presidential elections in 2006, first round
1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Before the last parliamentary election, four general elections had been organised in Finland in the 21st century. In which of these elections did you vote? Presidential elections in 2006, second round
1
Did not vote
2
Voted
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I think voting is a civic duty
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is people's own business whether they want to use their right to vote or not
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important national issues should more often be decided in a referendum
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? To support representative democracy, public debates on policy issues should be organised for ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I myself would like to attend public debates organised for ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important to me that my party has a real chance of getting a candidate elected to Parliament in my constituency
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important to me that my candidate has a real chance of getting elected to Parliament
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The MPs of my constituency do not have enough say in what the Government and Parliament decide
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Electoral alliances should not be allowed in parliamentary elections
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Write a letter to the editor
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Contact political decision-makers on an issue
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Sign a petition
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Involve myself in the activities of a political party
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Involve myself in the activities of some other voluntary/civic organisation
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Try to enhance environmental protection through my consumer choices
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Try to influence political or social issues through my consumer choices
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Join a consumer boycott
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Participate in peaceful demonstrations
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Demonstrate civil disobedience by participating in illegal, non-violent activities
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Participate in the kind of demonstrations that have previously involved violence
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? Use violence to reach political goals
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Sign a petition
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Contact political decision-makers
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Discuss politics
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
The internet and e-mail have opened new avenues for political activity and information seeking. Which of the following things have you done online in the past four year, or might do in the future? Discuss other issues
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say
How often do you use the Internet?
1
Daily
2
A few times a week
3
About once a week
4
Occasionally
5
Not at all
Are you at present or have you ever been an elected official in a municipal body?
1
Yes, at present
2
Not at present but have been previously
3
No, have never been
4
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
Are you a member of any political party?
1
Yes
2
No but have been previously
3
Have never been a member of any party
Have you ever participated in the work of the support group of a candidate in parliamentary elections?
1
Yes, in these elections
2
Not in these elections but have previously
3
No, never
What kind of goals should members of parliament primarily promote?
1
Goals set by their own party
2
Goals they themselves see as most important
3
Goals important to their constituency
4
Goals of their voters
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
What kind of goals should members of parliament secondarily promote?
1
Goals set by their own party
2
Goals they themselves see as most important
3
Goals important to their constituency
4
Goals of their voters
5
Can't say (SPONTANEOUS)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Voting is the only way in which ordinary people can have a say about how things are run
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Those elected to Parliament soon lose touch with problems of ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Politicians are not interested in the opinions of ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the government and parliament decide
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Through political parties, citizens' opinions will be taken into consideration in decision-making
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political parties are only interested in people's votes, not in their opinions
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I can't really understand what is going on
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? By voting people can have a say in how things are run
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the government, policy decisions will be the same
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Electoral alliances between parties are good because they make it easier for small parties to reach parliament
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? The coalition government should consist of either right-wing or left-wing parties
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties should have announced clearly during the election campaign which parties they are willing to form a coalition government with
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Personalisation of politics is mainly a good thing
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -1 (Classified)
Numeric
What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -2 (Classified)
Numeric
What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -3 (Classified)
1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting
47
Values, morals
996
Something else
997
Refused to say
998
Can't say
999
Missing
SYSMISS
What has been the most important issue to you personally in this election? -4 (Classified)
1
Pensioner issues/pensions
2
Taxation of pensioners, subsistence
3
Health care resources/labour shortage/working conditions
4
Social and health care in general
5
Wage level in health care
6
Care of the elderly
7
Status of family caregivers, home care
8
Mental health care
9
Employment/unemployment
10
Special issues of labour policy
11
Circumstances of and support for families with children
12
Education
13
Taxation/tax policy
14
Amending individual taxes, tax deductions
15
Maintaining welfare/the welfare state, social policy
16
Special issues of welfare/social policy
17
Low income/poverty issues
18
Growth of income disparity
19
Social security
20
Circumstances of students
21
Raising student grants/subsistence of students
22
Energy policy
23
Nuclear power
24
Climate/climate change, natural disasters
25
Nature conservation/environmental issues
26
Traffic policy
27
Housing policy, rents
28
Regional policy
29
Municipal policy/issues
30
Agricultural issues
31
Entrepreneur issues, prerequisites for entrepreneurship
32
Fairer wages
33
Worker issues, worker welfare
34
Equality
35
Circumstances/issues of minorities/special groups
36
Immigration policy
37
Finnishness, Finland for the Finns
38
Economy/economic policy
39
Development of Finland in general
40
NATO
41
Foreign and security policy
42
The EU
43
Peace
44
Swedish language
45
Government coalition and who will be prime minister
46
Other issues connected to elections and voting