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FSD study number

Numeric

FSD edition number

Numeric

FSD case id

Numeric

Identification number

Numeric

Interviewer (ID for individual interviewers)

Numeric

Interviewer gender

1
Male
2
Female

Date of the interview: month (1 - 12)

1
January
2
February
3
March
4
April
5
May
6
June
7
July
8
August
9
September
10
October
11
November
12
December

Date of the interview: weekday

1
Sunday
2
Monday
3
Tuesday
4
Wednesday
5
Thursday
6
Friday
7
Saturday

Date of the interview: day (1 - 31)

Numeric

Interview language (questionnaire language)

1
Finnish
2
Swedish

How interested are you in politics?

1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not interested at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television debates and party leader interviews

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television news and current affairs programmes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Radio programmes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Newspaper articles, columns or letters to the editor

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Newspaper advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Web news covering elections e.g. newspaper websites

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Websites of the candidates and political parties

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Blogs

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Candidate selectors on the Internet

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Social media, e.g. Facebook, Twitter or Instagram

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Videos of the candidates or political parties on the Internet, e.g. YouTube

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD News broadcasts on the Internet or social media

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

How often do you use the Internet?

1
Daily, over 2 hours per day
2
Daily, less than 2 hours per day
3
A few times a week
4
About once a week
5
Less frequently
6
Not at all
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Generally, that is, not only during elections, how often do you discuss political and social issues with people?

1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Seldom
5
Never
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

How stable is your political party identification?

1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

Which social class would you say you belong to?

1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
Not to any class
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Which of the following alternatives best describes your childhood home?

1
Worker family
2
Lower middle class family
3
Middle class family
4
Upper middle class family
5
Upper class family
6
Farmer family
7
Entrepreneur family
8
Can't say (spontaneous)

How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?

1
Have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Have voted for candidates of two or three different parties
3
Have voted for candidates of four or more parties
4
Have never voted
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is people's own business whether they want to use their right to vote or not

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important national issues should more often be decided by a referendum

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? To support representative democracy, public debates on policy issues should be organised for ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I myself would like to attend public political debates organised for ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I avoid people whose values, attitudes or opinions differ from my own

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I think voting is a civic duty

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In my opinion, the current Finnish electoral system works and there is no need to change it

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? If a voter so wished, he/she should be able to vote only for a party in parliamentary elections without having to choose a candidate

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Elected politicians are the best people to lead Finland

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In important political questions, citizens must have the final say

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Citizens must be heard before any important political decisions are made

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Things would be better in Finland if independent experts made the decisions instead of politicians and citizens

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important that citizens constantly voice their opinions, for instance, by signing petitions and participating in demonstrations

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Citizens must influence the direction of politics primarily by voting in elections

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Things would be better in Finland if successful corporate managers made the decisions

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Write a letter to the editor

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Contact political decision-makers on an issue

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Sign a petition

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in the activities of a political party

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in the activities of some other voluntary/civic organisation

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Try to influence political or social issues through my consumer choices

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Join a consumer boycott

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in peaceful demonstrations

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Demonstrate civil disobedience by participating in illegal, non-violent activities

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Use violence to reach political goals

1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Are you a member of any political party?

1
Yes
2
No, but have been previously
3
Have never been a member of any party
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

In 2012, a state-level citizens' initiative was introduced in Finland. What is your opinion on the following statement? 'The citizens' initiative has promoted the performance of democracy in Finland'

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

Have you signed any state-level citizens' initiatives?

1
Have not signed and not going to sign
2
Have not signed, but might sign
3
Have signed 1-2 citizens' initiatives
4
Have signed at least 3 citizens' initiatives
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

The Internet and social media have created new opportunities to influence things and seek information. How important to yourself do you regard the Internet and social media as channels of civic engagement?

1
Very important
2
Somewhat important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? By voting, ordinary people can influence political decision-making

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Those elected to Parliament soon lose touch with the problems of ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Politicians are not interested in the opinions of ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the Government and Parliament decide

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Views of the citizens are taken into account in political decision-making through political parties

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political parties are only interested in people's votes, not in their opinions

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I cannot quite understand what is going on

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the coalition government, policy decisions will be the same

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties should announce clearly during the election campaign which parties they are willing to form a coalition government with

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Finnish members of parliament are competent in their work

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political decision-makers take citizens' views into consideration when making decisions

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has more entrepreneurship and market economy

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Multicultural Finland where foreigners with different religions and lifestyles are tolerated

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where Christian values have a greater role

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where there are smaller differences in regional development

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the special status of Swedish-speaking Finns is acknowledged

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where there is a better equality between men and women

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has a smaller public sector

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the status of sexual minorities is reinforced

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has a lower taxation level

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has two strong national languages: Finnish and Swedish

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland with more law and order

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the status of traditional nuclear families is reinforced

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has more immigration

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has smaller income disparities

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that is less committed/attached to the European Union

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where more energy is produced with nuclear power

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has fewer municipalities than it has at the moment

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD More eco-friendly Finland, even if it meant low economic growth or no growth at all

0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on health care than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on education than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on unemployment benefits and services promoting employment than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on defence than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on old-age pensions than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on support for business and industry than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on the police and law enforcement than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on social security benefits than is currently used?

The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.

1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Over the next ten years, how likely is it that your standard of living will improve?

1
Very likely
2
Somewhat likely
3
Somewhat unlikely
4
Very unlikely
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in Finland has gotten better, stayed the same, or gotten worse?

1
Gotten better
2
Stayed the same (go to q21)
3
Gotten worse (go to q3b)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q21)
5
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q21)

Would you say the state of the economy in Finland has gotten much better or somewhat better?

1
Much better (go to q21)
2
Somewhat better (go to q21)
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Would you say the state of the economy in Finland has gotten much worse or somewhat worse?

4
Somewhat worse
5
Much worse
7
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
8
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

How likely or unlikely do you think it is that your household's income could be severely reduced in the next 12 months?

1
Very likely
2
Somewhat likely
3
Somewhat unlikely
4
Very unlikely
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels.

1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Neither agree nor disgaree
4
Somewhat disagree
5
Strongly disagree
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?

1
Yes (go to q16b)
2
No
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)

Do you feel you are a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?

1
Yes (go to q16b)
2
No
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Do you feel you are a little closer to one of the political parties than the others? Which party?

1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?

1
Very close
2
Somewhat close
3
Not very close
7
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
8
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Nowadays many people do not vote in elections for one reason or the other. Did you vote or not in these parliamentary elections?

1
Didn't vote this time (go to question k18)
2
Voted in advance (go to question q5lhb)
3
Voted on the election day (go to question q5lhb)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD It was difficult for me to find a suitable party

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD It was difficult for me to find a suitable candidate

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD Job or travel prevented me from voting

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD Could not vote because of illness or disability

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't remember to vote

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I simply couldn't be bothered to vote

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't see how voting would benefit me in any way

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I think one vote wouldn't have made a difference to the outcome of the election

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I distrust politicians and politics in general

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I wanted to protest against politics and politicians

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I'm not interested in politics and don't care whether I vote or not

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't have enough information to support my voting decision

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD There were no meaningful differences between parties

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD The party I would have voted for in these elections had different views than myself on important issues

1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

How self-evident was it to you that you were not going to vote?

1
It was self-evident that I would not vote
2
Considered voting but not seriously
3
Seriously considered voting
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

If you had voted, the candidate of which party would you have voted for?

1
National Coalition Party (KOK) (go to q6a)
2
Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP) (go to q6a)
3
Finns Party (PS) (go to q6a)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK) (go to q6a)
5
Left Alliance (VAS) (go to q6a)
6
Green League (VIHR) (go to q6a)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP) (go to q6a)
8
Christian Democrats (KD) (go to q6a)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR) (go to q6a)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP) (go to q6a)
11
Change 2011 (M11) (go to q6a)
12
Independence Party (IPU) (go to q6a)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP) (go to q6a)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP) (go to q6a)
15
For the Poor (KÖY) (go to q6a)
90
None of them (go to q6a)
96
Can't say (go to q6a)
97
Don't want to say (go to q6a)
SYSMISS

The candidate of which party (or political group) did you vote for in these parliamentary elections?

1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
16
Other
17
Cast a blank vote
18
Can't say (spontaneous)
19
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Did you consider voting for a candidate of any other party or group?

1
Yes
2
No (go to q6a)
3
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q6a)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q6a)
SYSMISS

Which party or group?

1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
16
Other
17
Can't say (spontaneous)
18
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Did you vote four years ago, in the 2011 parliamentary elections?

1
Yes
2
No (go to q7)
3
No right to vote (go to q7)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q7)
5
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q7)

The candidate of which political party or group did you vote for then?

1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Freedom Party (VP)
13
Independence Party (IPU)
14
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
15
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
16
For the Poor (KÖY)
17
Other
18
Cast a blank vote
19
Can't say (spontaneous)
20
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale presented, what would you say?

1
It doesn't make any difference who is in power
2
3
4
5
It makes a big difference who is in power
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale presented, what would you say?

1
Who people vote for won't make any difference
2
3
4
5
Who people vote for can make a big difference
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD National Coalition Party (KOK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Finns Party (PS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Left Alliance (VAS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Green League (VIHR)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Christian Democrats in Finland (KD)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Alexander Stubb (KOK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Antti Rinne (SDP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Timo Soini (PS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Juha Sipilä (KESK)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Paavo Arhinmäki (VAS)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Ville Niinistö (VIHR)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Carl Haglund (RKP)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Päivi Räsänen (KD)

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD National Coalition Party (KOK)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Social Democratic Party (SDP)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Finns Party (PS)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Left Alliance (VAS)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Green League (VIHR)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Christian Democrats in Finland (KD)

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Using the same [left-right] scale, where would you place yourself?

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
96
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place myself on the scale (spontaneous)

How satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Finland?

1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Not very satisfied
4
Not at all satisfied
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Who of the following was the Finnish Minister of Finance right before the recent parliamentary elections?

1
Krista Kiuru
2
Jan Vapaavuori
3
Paula Risikko
4
Antti Rinne
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. What was the unemployment rate in Finland in February 2015?

1
8.1%
2
10.1%
3
12.1%
4
14.1%
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Which of the following parties has the second largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland
2
Finns Party
3
Centre Party of Finland
4
National Coalition Party
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Who is the current Secretary-General of the United Nations?

1
Kofi Annan
2
Kurt Waldheim
3
Ban Ki-moon
4
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. What do you think is meant by a parliamentary system of government?

1
Government by the people
2
That Parliament has the confidence of the Government
3
That the Government has the confidence of Parliament
4
That the Government has the confidence of the President
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)

For your voting choice, which was ultimately the more important, the party or the candidate?

1
The party
2
The candidate
3
Can't say (spontaneous)

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Performance of the party's representatives in election programmes on television

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party looks after the interests of the occupational group I belong to

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has a good leader

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Values of the party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has good policy on many current issues

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has competent people to conduct Finnish politics

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Performance of the party during the past parliamentary term

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party's successful election campaign

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? In my opinion, the leader of the party was the best candidate to become prime minister

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Desire to influence which parties will be in the coalition government

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? My family member(s) voted for the party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? My friend(s) voted for the party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Recommendations provided by candidate selector(s)

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's age

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's gender

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's education

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's place of residence

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's prior experience in politics

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's reliability

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's ability to manage things

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's appearance and style

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's public speaking and presentation skills

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate is a well-known public figure

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's views on different issues

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's party affiliation

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's election campaign and election advertising

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's chances of winning a seat to parliament

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? Openness/transparency of the candidate's campaign funding

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? The candidate's answers in candidate selectors on the Internet

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? Internet or social media presence of the candidate or his/her political party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? My family member(s) voted for the candidate

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? My friend(s) voted for the candidate

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

To what extent did the following influence your choice of candidate in these elections? Recommendations provided by candidate selector(s)

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
A lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

If your candidate had been running for any of the other parties, would you still have voted for him/her?

1
Would have voted
2
Would have voted for him/her if he/she had been a candidate of another suitable party
3
Wouldn't have voted for him/her as a candidate of any other party
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

Did you vote for a candidate who is of the same gender as you?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS

What was the age of the candidate you voted for?

1
Voted for a candidate who is roughly of the same age as me
2
Voted for a candidate who is much younger than me
3
Voted for a candidate who is much older than me
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
End
FSD study number
Numeric
FSD edition number
Numeric
FSD case id
Numeric
Identification number
Numeric
Interviewer (ID for individual interviewers)
Numeric
Interviewer gender
1
Male
2
Female
Date of the interview: month (1 - 12)
1
January
2
February
3
March
4
April
5
May
6
June
7
July
8
August
9
September
10
October
11
November
12
December
Date of the interview: weekday
1
Sunday
2
Monday
3
Tuesday
4
Wednesday
5
Thursday
6
Friday
7
Saturday
Date of the interview: day (1 - 31)
Numeric
Interview language (questionnaire language)
1
Finnish
2
Swedish
How interested are you in politics?
1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not interested at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television debates and party leader interviews
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television news and current affairs programmes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Radio programmes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Newspaper articles, columns or letters to the editor
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Television advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Newspaper advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Web news covering elections e.g. newspaper websites
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Websites of the candidates and political parties
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Blogs
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Candidate selectors on the Internet
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Social media, e.g. Facebook, Twitter or Instagram
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD Videos of the candidates or political parties on the Internet, e.g. YouTube
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections from different media outlets? CARD News broadcasts on the Internet or social media
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
How often do you use the Internet?
1
Daily, over 2 hours per day
2
Daily, less than 2 hours per day
3
A few times a week
4
About once a week
5
Less frequently
6
Not at all
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Generally, that is, not only during elections, how often do you discuss political and social issues with people?
1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Seldom
5
Never
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
How stable is your political party identification?
1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
Which social class would you say you belong to?
1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
Not to any class
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Which of the following alternatives best describes your childhood home?
1
Worker family
2
Lower middle class family
3
Middle class family
4
Upper middle class family
5
Upper class family
6
Farmer family
7
Entrepreneur family
8
Can't say (spontaneous)
How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?
1
Have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Have voted for candidates of two or three different parties
3
Have voted for candidates of four or more parties
4
Have never voted
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is people's own business whether they want to use their right to vote or not
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important national issues should more often be decided by a referendum
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? To support representative democracy, public debates on policy issues should be organised for ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I myself would like to attend public political debates organised for ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I avoid people whose values, attitudes or opinions differ from my own
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I think voting is a civic duty
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In my opinion, the current Finnish electoral system works and there is no need to change it
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? If a voter so wished, he/she should be able to vote only for a party in parliamentary elections without having to choose a candidate
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Elected politicians are the best people to lead Finland
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In important political questions, citizens must have the final say
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Citizens must be heard before any important political decisions are made
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Things would be better in Finland if independent experts made the decisions instead of politicians and citizens
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It is important that citizens constantly voice their opinions, for instance, by signing petitions and participating in demonstrations
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Citizens must influence the direction of politics primarily by voting in elections
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Things would be better in Finland if successful corporate managers made the decisions
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Write a letter to the editor
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Contact political decision-makers on an issue
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Sign a petition
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in the activities of a political party
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in the activities of some other voluntary/civic organisation
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Try to influence political or social issues through my consumer choices
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Join a consumer boycott
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Participate in peaceful demonstrations
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Demonstrate civil disobedience by participating in illegal, non-violent activities
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Several forms of social engagement are listed below. Which of the following have you done in the last four years, or could do, if you felt very strongly about an issue? CARD Use violence to reach political goals
1
Have done over the past four years
2
Have not done but might do
3
Would not do under any circumstances
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Are you a member of any political party?
1
Yes
2
No, but have been previously
3
Have never been a member of any party
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
In 2012, a state-level citizens' initiative was introduced in Finland. What is your opinion on the following statement? 'The citizens' initiative has promoted the performance of democracy in Finland'
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
Have you signed any state-level citizens' initiatives?
1
Have not signed and not going to sign
2
Have not signed, but might sign
3
Have signed 1-2 citizens' initiatives
4
Have signed at least 3 citizens' initiatives
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
The Internet and social media have created new opportunities to influence things and seek information. How important to yourself do you regard the Internet and social media as channels of civic engagement?
1
Very important
2
Somewhat important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? By voting, ordinary people can influence political decision-making
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Those elected to Parliament soon lose touch with the problems of ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Politicians are not interested in the opinions of ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the Government and Parliament decide
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Views of the citizens are taken into account in political decision-making through political parties
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political parties are only interested in people's votes, not in their opinions
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I cannot quite understand what is going on
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the coalition government, policy decisions will be the same
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties should announce clearly during the election campaign which parties they are willing to form a coalition government with
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Finnish members of parliament are competent in their work
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Political decision-makers take citizens' views into consideration when making decisions
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Somewhat disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has more entrepreneurship and market economy
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Multicultural Finland where foreigners with different religions and lifestyles are tolerated
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where Christian values have a greater role
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where there are smaller differences in regional development
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the special status of Swedish-speaking Finns is acknowledged
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where there is a better equality between men and women
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has a smaller public sector
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the status of sexual minorities is reinforced
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has a lower taxation level
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has two strong national languages: Finnish and Swedish
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland with more law and order
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where the status of traditional nuclear families is reinforced
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has more immigration
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has smaller income disparities
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that is less committed/attached to the European Union
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland where more energy is produced with nuclear power
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD Finland that has fewer municipalities than it has at the moment
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Here are some proposals about the future direction of Finland. How do you feel about these proposals? Use a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "Very bad", 5 is "Neither good nor bad", and 10 is "Very good" CARD More eco-friendly Finland, even if it meant low economic growth or no growth at all
0
A very bad proposition
1
2
3
4
5
Neither good nor bad a proposition
6
7
8
9
10
A very good proposition
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on health care than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on education than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on unemployment benefits and services promoting employment than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on defence than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on old-age pensions than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on support for business and industry than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on the police and law enforcement than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Public expedinture. In your opinion, should more, the same amount or less public funds be used on social security benefits than is currently used?
The interviewer recites out loud: "If you choose 'more', it can mean increase in taxes, if you choose 'less', it can mean cuts in services.
1
Much more than now
2
Somewhat more than now
3
Same as now
4
Somewhat less than now
5
Much less than now
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Over the next ten years, how likely is it that your standard of living will improve?
1
Very likely
2
Somewhat likely
3
Somewhat unlikely
4
Very unlikely
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Would you say that over the past twelve months, the state of the economy in Finland has gotten better, stayed the same, or gotten worse?
1
Gotten better
2
Stayed the same (go to q21)
3
Gotten worse (go to q3b)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q21)
5
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q21)
Would you say the state of the economy in Finland has gotten much better or somewhat better?
1
Much better (go to q21)
2
Somewhat better (go to q21)
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Would you say the state of the economy in Finland has gotten much worse or somewhat worse?
4
Somewhat worse
5
Much worse
7
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
8
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
How likely or unlikely do you think it is that your household's income could be severely reduced in the next 12 months?
1
Very likely
2
Somewhat likely
3
Somewhat unlikely
4
Very unlikely
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Government should take measures to reduce differences in income levels.
1
Strongly agree
2
Somewhat agree
3
Neither agree nor disgaree
4
Somewhat disagree
5
Strongly disagree
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Do you usually think of yourself as close to any particular party?
1
Yes (go to q16b)
2
No
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
Do you feel you are a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?
1
Yes (go to q16b)
2
No
3
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Do you feel you are a little closer to one of the political parties than the others? Which party?
1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?
1
Very close
2
Somewhat close
3
Not very close
7
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
8
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Nowadays many people do not vote in elections for one reason or the other. Did you vote or not in these parliamentary elections?
1
Didn't vote this time (go to question k18)
2
Voted in advance (go to question q5lhb)
3
Voted on the election day (go to question q5lhb)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD It was difficult for me to find a suitable party
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD It was difficult for me to find a suitable candidate
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD Job or travel prevented me from voting
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD Could not vote because of illness or disability
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't remember to vote
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I simply couldn't be bothered to vote
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't see how voting would benefit me in any way
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I think one vote wouldn't have made a difference to the outcome of the election
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I distrust politicians and politics in general
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I wanted to protest against politics and politicians
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I'm not interested in politics and don't care whether I vote or not
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD I didn't have enough information to support my voting decision
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD There were no meaningful differences between parties
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Here are some reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your decision to not vote in this election? CARD The party I would have voted for in these elections had different views than myself on important issues
1
Was an important reason
2
Affected somewhat
3
Didn't affect
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
How self-evident was it to you that you were not going to vote?
1
It was self-evident that I would not vote
2
Considered voting but not seriously
3
Seriously considered voting
4
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
If you had voted, the candidate of which party would you have voted for?
1
National Coalition Party (KOK) (go to q6a)
2
Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP) (go to q6a)
3
Finns Party (PS) (go to q6a)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK) (go to q6a)
5
Left Alliance (VAS) (go to q6a)
6
Green League (VIHR) (go to q6a)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP) (go to q6a)
8
Christian Democrats (KD) (go to q6a)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR) (go to q6a)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP) (go to q6a)
11
Change 2011 (M11) (go to q6a)
12
Independence Party (IPU) (go to q6a)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP) (go to q6a)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP) (go to q6a)
15
For the Poor (KÖY) (go to q6a)
90
None of them (go to q6a)
96
Can't say (go to q6a)
97
Don't want to say (go to q6a)
SYSMISS
The candidate of which party (or political group) did you vote for in these parliamentary elections?
1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
16
Other
17
Cast a blank vote
18
Can't say (spontaneous)
19
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Did you consider voting for a candidate of any other party or group?
1
Yes
2
No (go to q6a)
3
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q6a)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q6a)
SYSMISS
Which party or group?
1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Independence Party (IPU)
13
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
14
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
15
For the Poor (KÖY)
16
Other
17
Can't say (spontaneous)
18
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Did you vote four years ago, in the 2011 parliamentary elections?
1
Yes
2
No (go to q7)
3
No right to vote (go to q7)
4
Don't want to say (spontaneous) (go to q7)
5
Can't say (spontaneous) (go to q7)
The candidate of which political party or group did you vote for then?
1
National Coalition Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Finns Party (PS)
4
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
5
Left Alliance (VAS)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
8
Christian Democrats (KD)
9
Pirate Party of Finland (PIR)
10
Communist Party of Finland (SKP)
11
Change 2011 (M11)
12
Freedom Party (VP)
13
Independence Party (IPU)
14
Workers' Party of Finland (STP)
15
Communist Worker's Party (KTP)
16
For the Poor (KÖY)
17
Other
18
Cast a blank vote
19
Can't say (spontaneous)
20
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. Using the scale presented, what would you say?
1
It doesn't make any difference who is in power
2
3
4
5
It makes a big difference who is in power
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. Using the scale presented, what would you say?
1
Who people vote for won't make any difference
2
3
4
5
Who people vote for can make a big difference
6
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
7
Can't say (spontaneous)
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD National Coalition Party (KOK)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Finnish Social Democratic Party (SDP)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Finns Party (PS)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Left Alliance (VAS)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Green League (VIHR)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party at all" and 10 is "I like the party very much" CARD Christian Democrats in Finland (KD)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Alexander Stubb (KOK)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Antti Rinne (SDP)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Timo Soini (PS)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Juha Sipilä (KESK)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Paavo Arhinmäki (VAS)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Ville Niinistö (VIHR)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Carl Haglund (RKP)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
How do you feel about the following leader's of political parties? Answer on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is "I don't like the party leader at all" and 10 is "I like the party leader very much" CARD Päivi Räsänen (KD)
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
96
Haven't heard of the party leader
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know enough about the party leader / Don't know where to rate
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD National Coalition Party (KOK)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Social Democratic Party (SDP)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Finns Party (PS)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Left Alliance (VAS)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Green League (VIHR)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? CARD Christian Democrats in Finland (KD)
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
95
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
96
Haven't heard of the party (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place the party on the scale (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
Using the same [left-right] scale, where would you place yourself?
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
96
Haven't heard of the left-right scale (spontaneous)
97
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
98
Don't know where to place myself on the scale (spontaneous)
How satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Finland?
1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Not very satisfied
4
Not at all satisfied
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Who of the following was the Finnish Minister of Finance right before the recent parliamentary elections?
1
Krista Kiuru
2
Jan Vapaavuori
3
Paula Risikko
4
Antti Rinne
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. What was the unemployment rate in Finland in February 2015?
1
8.1%
2
10.1%
3
12.1%
4
14.1%
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Which of the following parties has the second largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland
2
Finns Party
3
Centre Party of Finland
4
National Coalition Party
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. Who is the current Secretary-General of the United Nations?
1
Kofi Annan
2
Kurt Waldheim
3
Ban Ki-moon
4
Boutros Boutros-Ghali
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
Questions measuring the level of political knowledge. What do you think is meant by a parliamentary system of government?
1
Government by the people
2
That Parliament has the confidence of the Government
3
That the Government has the confidence of Parliament
4
That the Government has the confidence of the President
5
Don't want to say (spontaneous)
6
Can't say (spontaneous)
For your voting choice, which was ultimately the more important, the party or the candidate?
1
The party
2
The candidate
3
Can't say (spontaneous)
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Performance of the party's representatives in election programmes on television
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party looks after the interests of the occupational group I belong to
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has a good leader
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Values of the party
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has good policy on many current issues
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party has competent people to conduct Finnish politics
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Performance of the party during the past parliamentary term
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? The party's successful election campaign
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? In my opinion, the leader of the party was the best candidate to become prime minister
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? Desire to influence which parties will be in the coalition government
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS
To what extent did the following influence your choice of political party in these elections? My family member(s) voted for the party
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Quite a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say (spontaneous)
SYSMISS