Start

FSD study number

Numeric

FSD edition number

Numeric

FSD processing level

1
A (see codebook)
2
B (see codebook)
3
C (dataset has not been checked at FSD)

FSD case id

Numeric

Study id

Numeric

Questionnaire number

Numeric

Respondent's gender

1
Male
2
Female

Respondent's age

Numeric

Is the respondent the household head?

1
Yes
2
No

Respondent's economic activity and occupational status

1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other

If the respondent is retired, former economic activity and occupational status

1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS

Municipality of residence

Numeric

Type of neighbourhood

1
Capital region
2
Tampere, Turku
3
Other town
4
Population centre in a rural area
5
Rural area
SYSMISS

Respondent's level of education

1
Primary education
2
Lower secondary education
3
Upper secondary education (vocational)
4
Upper secondary education (general)
5
Vocational college (post-secondary)
6
Polytechnic or lower academic degree (B.A. or equivalent)
7
Higher academic degree, (M.A. or equivalent or higher)
8
Can't say

Total annual gross income of the respondent's household (including social benefits)

1
Less than 10.000 euros/year
2
10.001 - 15.000 euros/year
3
15.001 - 20.000 euros/year
4
20.001 - 25.000 euros/year
5
25.001 - 30.000 euros/year
6
30.001 - 35.000 euros/year
7
35.001 - 40.000 euros/year
8
40.001 - 45.000 euros/year
9
45.001 - 50.000 euros/year
10
50.001 - 55.000 euros/year
11
55.001 - 85.000 euros/year
12
Over 85.000 euros/year
13
No answer
SYSMISS

Number of people aged over 16 in the household

Numeric

Number of people aged between 7 and 16 in the household

Numeric

Number of people aged between 7 and 17 in the household (Swedish questionnaire)

Numeric

Number of people aged under 7 in the household

Numeric

Total number of persons in the household

Numeric

Household composition

1
Single, living with parents
2
One person household, aged under 35
3
One person household, aged 35 or over
4
Married/cohabiting couple with no children
5
Married/cohabiting couple with children
6
Single parent, adult, living with the children
7
Couple, children do not live at home
8
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF R IS NOT HOUSEHOLD HEAD) Economic activity and occupational status of the household head

1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS

If the household head is retired, former economic activity and occupational status

1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS

Respondent's employment status

1
Full-time employed
2
Part-time employed
3
Unemployed
4
Laid off
5
Not in employment
SYSMISS

Respondent's employment status (in the Swedish questionnaire)

1
In employment
2
Unemployed
3
Not in employment for other reasons
SYSMISS

Who is responsible for everyday shopping in the household?

1
Respondent
2
Someone else than the respondent
3
Respondent together with someone else
SYSMISS

Type of municipality

1
Capital region
2
Urban municipality
3
Densely populated municipality
4
Rural municipality

Province (according to the old division)

1
Uusimaa
2
Turku and Pori
3
Häme
4
Kymi
5
Mikkeli
6
Kuopio
7
Central Finland (Keski-Suomi)
8
Vaasa
9
North Karelia (Pohjois-Karjala)
10
Oulu
11
Lapland
12
Åland

Major region (NUTS 2)

1
Uusimaa
2
Southern Finland
3
Eastern Finland
4
Mid-Finland
5
Northern Finland

Region (NUTS 3)

1
Uusimaa
2
Finland proper (Varsinais-Suomi)
4
Satakunta
5
Häme
6
Pirkanmaa
7
Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme)
8
Kymenlaakso
9
South Karelia (Etelä-Karjala)
10
Southern Savonia (Etelä-Savo)
11
Northern Savonia (Pohjois-Savo)
12
North Karelia (Pohjois-Karjala)
13
Central Finland (Keski-Suomi)
14
Southern Ostrobothnia (Etelä-Pohjanmaa)
15
Ostrobothnia (Vaasan rannikkoseutu)
16
Central Ostrobothnia (Keski-Pohjanmaa)
17
Northern Ostrobothnia (Pohjois-Pohjanmaa)
18
Kainuu
19
Lapland
21
Åland

If the parliamentary elections were held now, which party or group would you vote for?

1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I wouldn't vote
11
I would cast a blank ballot
12
Can't say
13
Don't want to say
SYSMISS

If the parliamentary elections were held now, which party or group would you vote for secondarily?

1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I wouldn't vote
11
I would cast a blank ballot
12
Can't say
13
Don't want to say
SYSMISS

Which party or group did you vote for in the previous parliamentary elections?

1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I didn't vote
11
I cast a blank ballot
12
If aged under 18: I didn't have the right to vote
13
Can't say
14
Don't want to say
SYSMISS

How often did you discuss matters related to the parliamentary elections with someone during the election campaign?

1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Rarely
5
Never
6
Can't say

How often do you discuss politics with others?

1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Rarely
5
Never
6
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television debates and party leader interviews

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television news and current affairs programmes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Radio progammes

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Newspaper articles

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Web news covering elections

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Web sites of the candidates and political parties

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Candidate selectors on the Internet

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Newspaper advertisements

1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say

How interested are you in politics?

1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not at all interested
5
Can't say

During the last election campaign, did you talk to other people to persuade them to vote for a particular party or candidate?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

(IF YES) How often did you try to persuade others?

1
Often
2
Occasionally
3
Rarely
4
Can't say
SYSMISS

Did you show your support for a particular party or candidate by, for example, attending election events or putting up a poster?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

(IF YES) How often did you participate in these kind of support activities?

1
Often
2
Occasionally
3
Rarely
4
Can't say
SYSMISS

During the last election campaign, were you contacted by a candidate or anyone from a party to persuade you to vote for them?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

What has been the most important issue facing Finland in the past four years? (open-ended question classified)

Numeric

How good or bad a job has the Government done in dealing with the most important issue (q26)?

1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

Thinking about the general performance of the Government, how good or bad a job has it done over the past four years?

1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say

How satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Finland?

1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Not very satisfied
4
Not at all satisfied
5
Can't say

Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. How much difference would you say it makes?

1
It makes a big difference who is in power
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
It doesn't make any difference who is in power
6
Can't say

Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. What would you say?

1
Who people vote for can make a big difference
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
Who people vote for won't make any difference
6
Can't say

Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

Did you vote four years ago, in the 1999 parliamentary elections?

1
Yes
2
No
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say

IF VOTED The candidate of which political party or group did you vote for?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian League of Finland (SKL)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Progressive Finnish Party (NUSU)
48
Some other party or group
49
Can't say
50
Don't want to say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED How good or bad a job has the party you voted for done in the past four years?

1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

Thinking about the Finnish parliamentary elections, how well would you say that the elections, in practice, ensure that the views of the MPs represent those of the voters?

1
Very well
2
Fairly well
3
Not very well
4
Not at all
5
Can't say

Would you say that any of the parties in Finland represent your views reasonably well?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

IF q37 YES Which party represents your views best?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't or don't want to say
SYSMISS

Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say any of the individual party leaders represent your views reasonably well?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

IF Q39 YES Which party leader represents your views best?

1
Jan-Erik Enestam (RKP)
2
Anneli Jäätteenmäki (KESK)
3
Ville Itälä (KOK)
4
Bjarne Kallis (KD)
5
Paavo Lipponen (SDP)
6
Suvi-Anne Siimes (VAS)
7
Timo Soini (PS)
8
Osmo Soininvaara (VIHR)
9
Someone else
10
Can't say
SYSMISS

Do you think yourself as close to any particular party?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

IF YES Which party? Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? National Coalition Party (KOK)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Left Alliance (VAS)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Green League (VIHR)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Christian Democrats (KD)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? True Finns (PS)

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Some other party

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

IF YES Which party? Can't or don't want to say

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

(IF MENTIONED MORE THAN ONE PARTY) Which party do you feel closest to?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
No answer
SYSMISS

(If Q41=2 or 3, or Q41A=Can't say) Do you feel a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF YES) Which party do you feel closest to?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
No answer
SYSMISS

(IF MENTIONED A PARTY) Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?

1
Very close
2
Somewhat close
3
Not very close
4
Can't say
SYSMISS

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. National Coalition Party (KOK)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Left Alliance (VAS)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Green League (VIHR)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Christian Democrats (KD)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

CARD A22

0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? National Coalition Party (KOK)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Left Alliance (VAS)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Green League (VIHR)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Christian Democrats (KD)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)

CARD A23

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Contacted a politician or authority

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Participated in a protest march or demonstration

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Cooperated with other like-minded people

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say

How much respect is there for individual freedom and human rights in Finland these days?

1
A great deal
2
A fair amount
3
Not very much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say

How widespread would you say corruption, for instance accepting bribes among politicians, is in Finland?

1
Very widespread
2
Fairly widespread
3
Not very widespread
4
Not at all widespread
5
Can't say

In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?

0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party

Which political party does Paavo Lipponen represent?

1
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Some other party
6
Can't say

Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the United Nations (UN) Security Council?

1
Canada
2
Japan
3
Russia
4
Italy
5
Can't say

Wages earned by employees are taxable income in Finland. We would like to ask you about state taxation. Let us presume that Virtanen earns 2,000 euros a month and Herranen 5,000. Which of the following statements is closest to the truth?

1
Both have equal tax rates
2
Virtanen's tax rate is higher
3
Herranen's tax rate is higher
4
Virtanen doesn't pay any income tax, only Herranen
5
Can't say

On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your personal financial situation?

1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Fairly dissatisfied
4
Very dissatisfied
5
Can't say

On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life?

1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Fairly dissatisfied
4
Very dissatisfied
5
Can't say

How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Economic situation in Finland

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Your personal or family's financial situation

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Employment situation in Finland

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Your personal or family's employment situation

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Economic situation in Finland

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Your personal or family's financial situation

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Employment situation in Finland

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Your personal or family's employment situation

1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say

How stable is your political party identification?

1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say

How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?

1
I have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Two or three different parties
3
Four or more parties
4
I have never voted
5
Can't say

Which social class would you say you belong to?

1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
No class
7
Can't say

Which political party did your father support when you were young? (open-ended question classified)

Numeric

Which political party did your mother support when you were young? (open-ended question classified)

Numeric

Which of the following groups would you say you belong to?

1
Finns in general
2
Finnish-speaking Finns
3
Swedish-speaking Finns
4
Other ethnic or linguistic group
5
Can't say

Which party has the largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament??

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say

Which party has the second largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say

Which party has the third largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say

Which party has the fourth largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I can't really understand what is going on

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the government and parliament decide

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In my opinion, I understand important political issues quite well

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? There is at least one party which tries to promote my interests

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Through political parties, citizens' opinions will be taken into consideration in decision-making

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties have drifted further and further away from the problems of ordinary people

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the government, policy decisions will be the same

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? My vote has no influence on the result of elections

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important political questions should more frequently be decided by a referendum

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Results of a referendum should be binding

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? People do not usually admit that they have not voted if they are asked about it

1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say

Nowadays a lot of people do not vote in elections for some reason or other. Did you vote or not in these parliamentary elections? If you did vote, did you vote in advance or on the election day?

1
Didn't vote this time
2
Voted in advance (early voting before election day)
3
Voted on the election day
4
Don't want to say

(IF DID NOT VOTE) Why did you not vote? (open-ended question classified)

Numeric

(IF DID NOT VOTE) How self-evident was it to you that you were not going to vote?

1
It was self-evident that I would not vote
2
Considered voting but not seriously
3
Seriously considered voting
4
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Performance of the party's representatives in election programmes on television

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party looks after the interests of the occupational group I belong to

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Good party leader

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? I'm a stable supporter of this party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party has good policy on many current issues

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party has competent people to form policies

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Performance of the party during the past parliamentary term

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Succesful election campaign of the party

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? In my opinion, the leader of this party is the best candidate to become prime minister

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Desire to influence which parties will be in the coalition government

1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

IF VOTED When did you decide on the party you voted for?

1
On the day of voting
2
A few days before voting
3
About a week or two before voting
4
About a month or two before voting
5
The decision was already clear last year
6
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) When did you decide which candidate to vote for?

1
On the day of voting
2
A few days before voting
3
About a week or two before voting
4
About a month or two before voting
5
The decision was already clear last year
6
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) For your voting choice, which one was the more important: the party or the candidate?

1
The party
2
The candidate
3
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) Was the candidate you voted for known to you?

1
I knew the candidate personally
2
Friend, acquaintance or relative knew the candidate personally
3
I knew of the candidate's activities form prior media coverage
4
Voted for the candidate on basis of his/her election campaign
5
Chose the candidate without knowing anything more of him/her
6
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) Did you vote for a candidate who is of the same gender as you?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) What was the age of the candidate you voted for?

1
Voted for a candidate who is roughly of the same age as me
2
Voted for a candidate who is much younger than me
3
Voted for a candidate who is much older than me
4
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) Have you previously voted for the same candidate in parliamentary elections?

1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) The candidate of which party did you vote for in these parliamentary elections?

1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Don't want to say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) How easy or difficult was it for you to choose the party the candidate of which you voted for?

1
Very easy
2
Fairly easy
3
Fairly difficult
4
Very difficult
5
Didn't pay attention to the party
6
Can't say
SYSMISS

(IF VOTED) How easy or difficult was it for you to find a suitable candidate?

1
Very easy
2
Fairly easy
3
Fairly difficult
4
Very difficult
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

Are you going to vote in the next parliamentary elections?

1
Will certainly vote
2
Will probably vote
3
Will probably not vote
4
Will certainly not vote
5
Can't say

Do you belong to any church or religious community?

1
Evangelical Lutheran Church
2
Orthodox Church
3
Other Christian church or community
4
Other religious community
5
Don't belong to any church or religious community
6
Can't or don't want to say

Would you describe yourself as...

1
Not at all religious
2
Not very religious
3
Somewhat religious
4
Very religious
5
Can't say
6
Don't want to say

Respondent's year of birth

Numeric

Respondent's basic education

1
Unfinished primary or lower secondary education
2
Primary education (pre-1972)
3
Primary and lower secondary education (post-1972)
4
Unfinished upper secondary education (general)
5
Upper secondary education (general)
6
Can't say

Respondent's marital status

1
Single
2
Married or in registered partnership
3
Co-habiting
4
Divorced or separated
5
Widowed
6
Other
7
Can't say

Does the respondent belong to any trade union or professional association and if yes, how actively does R participate in its activities?

1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say

(IF BELONGS TO TRADE UNION OR PROF. ASSOCIATION) Which of the following central organisations does the respondent's trade union or professional association belong to?

1
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK)
2
Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK)
3
Confederation of Unions for Prof. and Managerial Staff
4
Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners
49
Something else
50
Can't say
SYSMISS

Does someone else in the respondent's household belong to any trade union or professional association?

1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say

Does the respondent belong to any other business or employer's association besides trade union or professional association?

1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say

Respondent's employment status

1
Full-time job (over 35 hours a week)
2
Half-time job (15-34 hours a week)
3
Part-time job (less than 15 hours a week)
4
Contributing family member in family business
5
Unemployed
6
Student
7
Retired on account of age or working years
8
Retired for some other reason
9
Homemaker
10
Conscripted for military service or in civilian service
11
On parental leave
12
No answer

Employment status of the respondent's spouse

1
Full-time job (over 35 hours a week)
2
Half-time job (15-34 hours a week)
3
Part-time job (less than 15 hours a week)
4
Contributing family member in family business
5
Unemployed
6
Student
7
Retired on account of age or working years
8
Retired for some other reason
9
Homemaker
10
Conscripted for military service or in civilian service
11
On parental leave
12
No answer
SYSMISS

Respondent's profession

Numeric

Profession of the respondent's spouse

Numeric

What is the economic sector of your employer? Public sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your employer? Private sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your employer? Both the public and the private sectors

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your employer? So called third sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your employer? Not in working life

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your employer? Can't say

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Public sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Private sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Both public and private sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? So called third sector

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Not in working life

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Can't say

0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS

Have you been unemployed in the past 12 months?

1
No
2
Yes

(IF HAS BEEN UNEMPLOYED) For how many months altogether have you been unemployed in the past 12 months?

Numeric

Respondent's mother tongue

1
Finnish
2
Swedish
49
Other language
50
No answer

Spouse's mother tongue

1
Finnish
2
Swedish
49
Other language
50
No answer
SYSMISS

Which language(s) do you use at home?

1
Only Finnish
2
Only Swedish
3
Finnish and Swedish
4
Finnish and some other language
5
Swedish and some other language
6
Only languages other than Finnish or Swedish
7
No answer

Is your present municipality of residence also your home municipality?

1
Yes
2
No
SYSMISS

(IF Q97_1=2) What is your home municipality?

Numeric

Were you born in your home municipality and have you lived there all your life?

1
Yes
2
No
SYSMISS

(IF Q98=2) When did you move to your present home municipality?

Numeric

How many home municipalities have you had during your life?

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
15
20
99
Can't say
SYSMISS

What is your place of birth (municipality)?

Numeric

Do you live...

1
In a city/town centre
2
In a suburb
3
In a village or a population centre in a rural area
4
In a sparsely populated rural area
5
No answer
SYSMISS

Respondent's electoral district

1
Helsinki
2
Uusimaa
3
Varsinais-Suomi
4
Satakunta
5
Häme
6
Pirkanmaa
7
Kymi
8
Etelä-Savo
9
Pohjois-Savo
10
Pohjois-Karjala
11
Keski-Suomi
12
Vaasa
13
Oulu
14
Lappi

Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Safeguarding the level of health care

1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Safeguarding the level of care for the elderly

1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS

Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Reducing unemployment

1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
End
FSD study number
Numeric
FSD edition number
Numeric
FSD processing level
1
A (see codebook)
2
B (see codebook)
3
C (dataset has not been checked at FSD)
FSD case id
Numeric
Study id
Numeric
Questionnaire number
Numeric
Respondent's gender
1
Male
2
Female
Respondent's age
Numeric
Is the respondent the household head?
1
Yes
2
No
Respondent's economic activity and occupational status
1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
If the respondent is retired, former economic activity and occupational status
1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS
Municipality of residence
Numeric
Type of neighbourhood
1
Capital region
2
Tampere, Turku
3
Other town
4
Population centre in a rural area
5
Rural area
SYSMISS
Respondent's level of education
1
Primary education
2
Lower secondary education
3
Upper secondary education (vocational)
4
Upper secondary education (general)
5
Vocational college (post-secondary)
6
Polytechnic or lower academic degree (B.A. or equivalent)
7
Higher academic degree, (M.A. or equivalent or higher)
8
Can't say
Total annual gross income of the respondent's household (including social benefits)
1
Less than 10.000 euros/year
2
10.001 - 15.000 euros/year
3
15.001 - 20.000 euros/year
4
20.001 - 25.000 euros/year
5
25.001 - 30.000 euros/year
6
30.001 - 35.000 euros/year
7
35.001 - 40.000 euros/year
8
40.001 - 45.000 euros/year
9
45.001 - 50.000 euros/year
10
50.001 - 55.000 euros/year
11
55.001 - 85.000 euros/year
12
Over 85.000 euros/year
13
No answer
SYSMISS
Number of people aged over 16 in the household
Numeric
Number of people aged between 7 and 16 in the household
Numeric
Number of people aged between 7 and 17 in the household (Swedish questionnaire)
Numeric
Number of people aged under 7 in the household
Numeric
Total number of persons in the household
Numeric
Household composition
1
Single, living with parents
2
One person household, aged under 35
3
One person household, aged 35 or over
4
Married/cohabiting couple with no children
5
Married/cohabiting couple with children
6
Single parent, adult, living with the children
7
Couple, children do not live at home
8
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF R IS NOT HOUSEHOLD HEAD) Economic activity and occupational status of the household head
1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS
If the household head is retired, former economic activity and occupational status
1
Farmer
2
Employer, entrepreneur, own account worker
3
Higher managerial employee
4
Lower managerial/professional employee
5
Intermediate level employee (clerical, technical, admin.)
6
Worker
7
Retired, pensioner
8
Student
9
Housewife/house husband, homemaker
10
Other
SYSMISS
Respondent's employment status
1
Full-time employed
2
Part-time employed
3
Unemployed
4
Laid off
5
Not in employment
SYSMISS
Respondent's employment status (in the Swedish questionnaire)
1
In employment
2
Unemployed
3
Not in employment for other reasons
SYSMISS
Who is responsible for everyday shopping in the household?
1
Respondent
2
Someone else than the respondent
3
Respondent together with someone else
SYSMISS
Type of municipality
1
Capital region
2
Urban municipality
3
Densely populated municipality
4
Rural municipality
Province (according to the old division)
1
Uusimaa
2
Turku and Pori
3
Häme
4
Kymi
5
Mikkeli
6
Kuopio
7
Central Finland (Keski-Suomi)
8
Vaasa
9
North Karelia (Pohjois-Karjala)
10
Oulu
11
Lapland
12
Åland
Major region (NUTS 2)
1
Uusimaa
2
Southern Finland
3
Eastern Finland
4
Mid-Finland
5
Northern Finland
Region (NUTS 3)
1
Uusimaa
2
Finland proper (Varsinais-Suomi)
4
Satakunta
5
Häme
6
Pirkanmaa
7
Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme)
8
Kymenlaakso
9
South Karelia (Etelä-Karjala)
10
Southern Savonia (Etelä-Savo)
11
Northern Savonia (Pohjois-Savo)
12
North Karelia (Pohjois-Karjala)
13
Central Finland (Keski-Suomi)
14
Southern Ostrobothnia (Etelä-Pohjanmaa)
15
Ostrobothnia (Vaasan rannikkoseutu)
16
Central Ostrobothnia (Keski-Pohjanmaa)
17
Northern Ostrobothnia (Pohjois-Pohjanmaa)
18
Kainuu
19
Lapland
21
Åland
If the parliamentary elections were held now, which party or group would you vote for?
1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I wouldn't vote
11
I would cast a blank ballot
12
Can't say
13
Don't want to say
SYSMISS
If the parliamentary elections were held now, which party or group would you vote for secondarily?
1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I wouldn't vote
11
I would cast a blank ballot
12
Can't say
13
Don't want to say
SYSMISS
Which party or group did you vote for in the previous parliamentary elections?
1
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Green League (VIHR)
6
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Some other party or group
10
I didn't vote
11
I cast a blank ballot
12
If aged under 18: I didn't have the right to vote
13
Can't say
14
Don't want to say
SYSMISS
How often did you discuss matters related to the parliamentary elections with someone during the election campaign?
1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Rarely
5
Never
6
Can't say
How often do you discuss politics with others?
1
Daily or almost daily
2
Often
3
Sometimes
4
Rarely
5
Never
6
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television debates and party leader interviews
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television news and current affairs programmes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television entertainment programmes featuring politicians
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Radio progammes
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Newspaper articles
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Web news covering elections
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Web sites of the candidates and political parties
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Candidate selectors on the Internet
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Television advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How much attention did you pay to media coverage of the parliamentary elections? Newspaper advertisements
1
A great deal of attention
2
A fair amount of attention
3
Only a little
4
Paid no attention at all
5
Can't say
How interested are you in politics?
1
Very interested
2
Somewhat interested
3
Not very interested
4
Not at all interested
5
Can't say
During the last election campaign, did you talk to other people to persuade them to vote for a particular party or candidate?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
(IF YES) How often did you try to persuade others?
1
Often
2
Occasionally
3
Rarely
4
Can't say
SYSMISS
Did you show your support for a particular party or candidate by, for example, attending election events or putting up a poster?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
(IF YES) How often did you participate in these kind of support activities?
1
Often
2
Occasionally
3
Rarely
4
Can't say
SYSMISS
During the last election campaign, were you contacted by a candidate or anyone from a party to persuade you to vote for them?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
What has been the most important issue facing Finland in the past four years? (open-ended question classified)
Numeric
How good or bad a job has the Government done in dealing with the most important issue (q26)?
1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Thinking about the general performance of the Government, how good or bad a job has it done over the past four years?
1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say
How satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Finland?
1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Not very satisfied
4
Not at all satisfied
5
Can't say
Some people say that it doesn't make any difference who is in power. Others say that it makes a big difference who is in power. How much difference would you say it makes?
1
It makes a big difference who is in power
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
It doesn't make any difference who is in power
6
Can't say
Some people say that no matter who people vote for, it won't make any difference to what happens. Others say that who people vote for can make a big difference to what happens. What would you say?
1
Who people vote for can make a big difference
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
Who people vote for won't make any difference
6
Can't say
Democracy may have its problems but it is better than any other form of government
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
Did you vote four years ago, in the 1999 parliamentary elections?
1
Yes
2
No
3
No right to vote (no franchise)
4
Can't say
IF VOTED The candidate of which political party or group did you vote for?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian League of Finland (SKL)
8
True Finns (PS)
9
Progressive Finnish Party (NUSU)
48
Some other party or group
49
Can't say
50
Don't want to say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED How good or bad a job has the party you voted for done in the past four years?
1
Very good job
2
Good job
3
Bad job
4
Very bad job
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Thinking about the Finnish parliamentary elections, how well would you say that the elections, in practice, ensure that the views of the MPs represent those of the voters?
1
Very well
2
Fairly well
3
Not very well
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
Would you say that any of the parties in Finland represent your views reasonably well?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
IF q37 YES Which party represents your views best?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't or don't want to say
SYSMISS
Regardless of how you feel about the parties, would you say any of the individual party leaders represent your views reasonably well?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
IF Q39 YES Which party leader represents your views best?
1
Jan-Erik Enestam (RKP)
2
Anneli Jäätteenmäki (KESK)
3
Ville Itälä (KOK)
4
Bjarne Kallis (KD)
5
Paavo Lipponen (SDP)
6
Suvi-Anne Siimes (VAS)
7
Timo Soini (PS)
8
Osmo Soininvaara (VIHR)
9
Someone else
10
Can't say
SYSMISS
Do you think yourself as close to any particular party?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
IF YES Which party? Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? National Coalition Party (KOK)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Left Alliance (VAS)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Green League (VIHR)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Christian Democrats (KD)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? True Finns (PS)
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Some other party
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
IF YES Which party? Can't or don't want to say
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
(IF MENTIONED MORE THAN ONE PARTY) Which party do you feel closest to?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
No answer
SYSMISS
(If Q41=2 or 3, or Q41A=Can't say) Do you feel a little closer to one of the political parties than the others?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF YES) Which party do you feel closest to?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
No answer
SYSMISS
(IF MENTIONED A PARTY) Do you feel very close to this party, somewhat close, or not very close?
1
Very close
2
Somewhat close
3
Not very close
4
Can't say
SYSMISS
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. National Coalition Party (KOK)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Left Alliance (VAS)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Green League (VIHR)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Christian Democrats (KD)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
How do you feel about the following political parties? Evaluate each party on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is that you don't like the party at all, and 10 is that you like the party very much. Also mention if you have never heard of the party, or if you feel that you have insufficient information to evaluate the party. Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
CARD A22
0
Strongly dislike
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Strongly like
11
Can't say
12
I have never heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? National Coalition Party (KOK)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Left Alliance (VAS)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Green League (VIHR)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Christian Democrats (KD)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place the following parties on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the far left and 10 means the far right? Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
CARD A23
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Contacted a politician or authority
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Participated in a protest march or demonstration
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
Have you, during the past five years, done any of the following to express your political views? Cooperated with other like-minded people
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
How much respect is there for individual freedom and human rights in Finland these days?
1
A great deal
2
A fair amount
3
Not very much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
How widespread would you say corruption, for instance accepting bribes among politicians, is in Finland?
1
Very widespread
2
Fairly widespread
3
Not very widespread
4
Not at all widespread
5
Can't say
In politics people sometimes talk of left and right. Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means the left and 10 means the right?
0
Left
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Right
11
Can't say
12
Haven't heard of the party
Which political party does Paavo Lipponen represent?
1
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
2
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
3
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Some other party
6
Can't say
Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the United Nations (UN) Security Council?
1
Canada
2
Japan
3
Russia
4
Italy
5
Can't say
Wages earned by employees are taxable income in Finland. We would like to ask you about state taxation. Let us presume that Virtanen earns 2,000 euros a month and Herranen 5,000. Which of the following statements is closest to the truth?
1
Both have equal tax rates
2
Virtanen's tax rate is higher
3
Herranen's tax rate is higher
4
Virtanen doesn't pay any income tax, only Herranen
5
Can't say
On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your personal financial situation?
1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Fairly dissatisfied
4
Very dissatisfied
5
Can't say
On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life?
1
Very satisfied
2
Fairly satisfied
3
Fairly dissatisfied
4
Very dissatisfied
5
Can't say
How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Economic situation in Finland
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Your personal or family's financial situation
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Employment situation in Finland
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you think the following are now, compared to the past two years? Are they better, worse or the same? Your personal or family's employment situation
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Economic situation in Finland
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Your personal or family's financial situation
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Employment situation in Finland
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How do you expect the following to be two years from now, compared to the present situation? Are they better, worse or the same as earlier? Your personal or family's employment situation
1
Better
2
Worse
3
The same
4
Can't say
How stable is your political party identification?
1
Completely stable
2
Fairly stable
3
Not very stable
4
Not at all stable
5
Can't say
How many different political parties have you voted for in parliamentary elections so far?
1
I have always voted for candidates of one party
2
Two or three different parties
3
Four or more parties
4
I have never voted
5
Can't say
Which social class would you say you belong to?
1
Working class
2
Lower middle class
3
Middle class
4
Upper middle class
5
Upper class
6
No class
7
Can't say
Which political party did your father support when you were young? (open-ended question classified)
Numeric
Which political party did your mother support when you were young? (open-ended question classified)
Numeric
Which of the following groups would you say you belong to?
1
Finns in general
2
Finnish-speaking Finns
3
Swedish-speaking Finns
4
Other ethnic or linguistic group
5
Can't say
Which party has the largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament??
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say
Which party has the second largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say
Which party has the third largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say
Which party has the fourth largest number of seats in the newly elected Parliament?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coaliton Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Sometimes politics seems so complicated that I can't really understand what is going on
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? I have no say in what the government and parliament decide
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? In my opinion, I understand important political issues quite well
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? There is at least one party which tries to promote my interests
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Through political parties, citizens' opinions will be taken into consideration in decision-making
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Parties have drifted further and further away from the problems of ordinary people
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? It doesn't really matter which parties form the government, policy decisions will be the same
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? My vote has no influence on the result of elections
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Important political questions should more frequently be decided by a referendum
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Results of a referendum should be binding
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? People do not usually admit that they have not voted if they are asked about it
1
Strongly agree
2
Agree
3
Disagree
4
Strongly disagree
5
Can't say
Nowadays a lot of people do not vote in elections for some reason or other. Did you vote or not in these parliamentary elections? If you did vote, did you vote in advance or on the election day?
1
Didn't vote this time
2
Voted in advance (early voting before election day)
3
Voted on the election day
4
Don't want to say
(IF DID NOT VOTE) Why did you not vote? (open-ended question classified)
Numeric
(IF DID NOT VOTE) How self-evident was it to you that you were not going to vote?
1
It was self-evident that I would not vote
2
Considered voting but not seriously
3
Seriously considered voting
4
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Performance of the party's representatives in election programmes on television
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party looks after the interests of the occupational group I belong to
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Good party leader
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? I'm a stable supporter of this party
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party has good policy on many current issues
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Party has competent people to form policies
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Performance of the party during the past parliamentary term
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Succesful election campaign of the party
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? In my opinion, the leader of this party is the best candidate to become prime minister
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED To what extent did the following influence your choice of party in these elections? Desire to influence which parties will be in the coalition government
1
Decisive factor in my choice
2
Rather a lot
3
Somewhat
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
IF VOTED When did you decide on the party you voted for?
1
On the day of voting
2
A few days before voting
3
About a week or two before voting
4
About a month or two before voting
5
The decision was already clear last year
6
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) When did you decide which candidate to vote for?
1
On the day of voting
2
A few days before voting
3
About a week or two before voting
4
About a month or two before voting
5
The decision was already clear last year
6
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) For your voting choice, which one was the more important: the party or the candidate?
1
The party
2
The candidate
3
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) Was the candidate you voted for known to you?
1
I knew the candidate personally
2
Friend, acquaintance or relative knew the candidate personally
3
I knew of the candidate's activities form prior media coverage
4
Voted for the candidate on basis of his/her election campaign
5
Chose the candidate without knowing anything more of him/her
6
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) Did you vote for a candidate who is of the same gender as you?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) What was the age of the candidate you voted for?
1
Voted for a candidate who is roughly of the same age as me
2
Voted for a candidate who is much younger than me
3
Voted for a candidate who is much older than me
4
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) Have you previously voted for the same candidate in parliamentary elections?
1
Yes
2
No
3
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) The candidate of which party did you vote for in these parliamentary elections?
1
Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
2
Centre Party of Finland (KESK)
3
National Coalition Party (KOK)
4
Left Alliance (VAS)
5
Swedish People's Party in Finland (RKP)
6
Green League (VIHR)
7
Christian Democrats (KD)
8
True Finns (PS)
49
Some other party
50
Don't want to say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) How easy or difficult was it for you to choose the party the candidate of which you voted for?
1
Very easy
2
Fairly easy
3
Fairly difficult
4
Very difficult
5
Didn't pay attention to the party
6
Can't say
SYSMISS
(IF VOTED) How easy or difficult was it for you to find a suitable candidate?
1
Very easy
2
Fairly easy
3
Fairly difficult
4
Very difficult
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Are you going to vote in the next parliamentary elections?
1
Will certainly vote
2
Will probably vote
3
Will probably not vote
4
Will certainly not vote
5
Can't say
Do you belong to any church or religious community?
1
Evangelical Lutheran Church
2
Orthodox Church
3
Other Christian church or community
4
Other religious community
5
Don't belong to any church or religious community
6
Can't or don't want to say
Would you describe yourself as...
1
Not at all religious
2
Not very religious
3
Somewhat religious
4
Very religious
5
Can't say
6
Don't want to say
Respondent's year of birth
Numeric
Respondent's basic education
1
Unfinished primary or lower secondary education
2
Primary education (pre-1972)
3
Primary and lower secondary education (post-1972)
4
Unfinished upper secondary education (general)
5
Upper secondary education (general)
6
Can't say
Respondent's marital status
1
Single
2
Married or in registered partnership
3
Co-habiting
4
Divorced or separated
5
Widowed
6
Other
7
Can't say
Does the respondent belong to any trade union or professional association and if yes, how actively does R participate in its activities?
1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say
(IF BELONGS TO TRADE UNION OR PROF. ASSOCIATION) Which of the following central organisations does the respondent's trade union or professional association belong to?
1
Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK)
2
Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK)
3
Confederation of Unions for Prof. and Managerial Staff
4
Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners
49
Something else
50
Can't say
SYSMISS
Does someone else in the respondent's household belong to any trade union or professional association?
1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say
Does the respondent belong to any other business or employer's association besides trade union or professional association?
1
Doesn't belong to any
2
Belongs but participates very little
3
Belongs and participates to some extent
4
Belongs and participates actively
5
Can't say
Respondent's employment status
1
Full-time job (over 35 hours a week)
2
Half-time job (15-34 hours a week)
3
Part-time job (less than 15 hours a week)
4
Contributing family member in family business
5
Unemployed
6
Student
7
Retired on account of age or working years
8
Retired for some other reason
9
Homemaker
10
Conscripted for military service or in civilian service
11
On parental leave
12
No answer
Employment status of the respondent's spouse
1
Full-time job (over 35 hours a week)
2
Half-time job (15-34 hours a week)
3
Part-time job (less than 15 hours a week)
4
Contributing family member in family business
5
Unemployed
6
Student
7
Retired on account of age or working years
8
Retired for some other reason
9
Homemaker
10
Conscripted for military service or in civilian service
11
On parental leave
12
No answer
SYSMISS
Respondent's profession
Numeric
Profession of the respondent's spouse
Numeric
What is the economic sector of your employer? Public sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your employer? Private sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your employer? Both the public and the private sectors
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your employer? So called third sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your employer? Not in working life
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your employer? Can't say
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Public sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Private sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Both public and private sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? So called third sector
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Not in working life
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
What is the economic sector of your spouse's employer? Can't say
0
Not mentioned
1
Mentioned
SYSMISS
Have you been unemployed in the past 12 months?
1
No
2
Yes
(IF HAS BEEN UNEMPLOYED) For how many months altogether have you been unemployed in the past 12 months?
Numeric
Respondent's mother tongue
1
Finnish
2
Swedish
49
Other language
50
No answer
Spouse's mother tongue
1
Finnish
2
Swedish
49
Other language
50
No answer
SYSMISS
Which language(s) do you use at home?
1
Only Finnish
2
Only Swedish
3
Finnish and Swedish
4
Finnish and some other language
5
Swedish and some other language
6
Only languages other than Finnish or Swedish
7
No answer
Is your present municipality of residence also your home municipality?
1
Yes
2
No
SYSMISS
(IF Q97_1=2) What is your home municipality?
Numeric
Were you born in your home municipality and have you lived there all your life?
1
Yes
2
No
SYSMISS
(IF Q98=2) When did you move to your present home municipality?
Numeric
How many home municipalities have you had during your life?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
15
20
99
Can't say
SYSMISS
What is your place of birth (municipality)?
Numeric
Do you live...
1
In a city/town centre
2
In a suburb
3
In a village or a population centre in a rural area
4
In a sparsely populated rural area
5
No answer
SYSMISS
Respondent's electoral district
1
Helsinki
2
Uusimaa
3
Varsinais-Suomi
4
Satakunta
5
Häme
6
Pirkanmaa
7
Kymi
8
Etelä-Savo
9
Pohjois-Savo
10
Pohjois-Karjala
11
Keski-Suomi
12
Vaasa
13
Oulu
14
Lappi
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Safeguarding the level of health care
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Safeguarding the level of care for the elderly
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Reducing unemployment
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving the circumstances of the poor
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Preparing for the population ageing
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Fighting crime
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Fighting drug abuse
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Cutting national debt
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving the income of the unemployed
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Safeguarding good public services
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Lowering taxes
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Preventing the public sector from growing
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Reducing regional disparity
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving the circumstances of the retired
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving the circumstances of families with children
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Promoting entrepreneurship
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Making environmental protection more effective
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Promoting gender equality
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving housing conditions
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Strengthening traditional values and morals
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving public order
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Strengthening religious values
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Controlling excessive internationalisation
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Controlling the entry of refugees
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Controlling the entry of foreign labour
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Increasing development cooperation
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Influencing government composition
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Influencing the choice of Prime Minister
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Improving the circumstances of minorities
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Limiting the influence of policy and administration so that people are better able to decide for themselves
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Controlling market forces
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Strengthening the integration of the European Union
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
Several issues and objectives that were brought up during the election are listed below. How important were the following to you? Promoting Finland's interests in the European Union
1
Very important
2
Fairly important
3
Not very important
4
Not at all important
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
During political campaigns, citizens can receive important information that influence their voting from a variety of sources. How much important information did you get for your voting choice from the following sources? Family members, parents or relatives
1
A great amount
2
A fair amount
3
Not much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
During political campaigns, citizens can receive important information that influence their voting from a variety of sources. How much important information did you get for your voting choice from the following sources? Work colleagues or fellow students
1
A great amount
2
A fair amount
3
Not much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
During political campaigns, citizens can receive important information that influence their voting from a variety of sources. How much important information did you get for your voting choice from the following sources? Other friends and aquintances
1
A great amount
2
A fair amount
3
Not much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS
During political campaigns, citizens can receive important information that influence their voting from a variety of sources. How much important information did you get for your voting choice from the following sources? News and current affairs articles in newspapers
1
A great amount
2
A fair amount
3
Not much
4
Not at all
5
Can't say
SYSMISS